The motion or operation of the unit 101 of the apparatus 100 is regulated by the hydraulic input requirements. It is to be understood that the displacement chamber 140 may optionally be located outside the unit 101 , or even below the unit 101, or alternatively, two displacement chambers 140 may be used, as long as the level of the liquid 114 in the outer tank 104b is the same height as the level of liquid 114 in the outer tank 104a. Alternatively, the displacement chamber 140 may be installed unattached to the pod 106, and can be attached or welded (with openings at floor level) to an inner floor (not shown), beside the outer tank 104, or under the outer tank 104. Both arrangements may work with an apparatus 100 constructed in accordance with the inventive concepts disclosed herein.
This is done merely for convenience and to give a general sense of the inventive concepts. The outer ringwall 120, the inner ringwall 122, the inner riser 108, and the outer riser 110 combinations can be stacked to accumulate the effect of the initial pressure differential on multiple surfaces, resulting in a much greater lift without increasing input costs. The pod 106 is adapted to be disposed inside the cylindrical space 128 defined by the inner ringwall 122. The pod 106 is adapted to be lowered or submerged into the outer tank 104 such that the pod 106 is at least partially disposed inside the cylindrical space 128 defined by the inner ringwall 122, and is movable in a substantially vertical direction relative to the inner ringwall 122 and the outer tank 104. The wall 138 is separated from the inner ringwall 122 by a first annular gap 139. The closed top end 134 may optionally have bumper pads 135 (FIG.
A first convoluted bag 280 is in fluid communication with a unit 101a, and a second convoluted bag 280 is in fluid communication with a unit 101b. The convoluted bags 280 are substantially filled with liquid 114, and function to transfer a volume of liquid 114 from the outer tank 104 into the convoluted bag 280, and from the convoluted bag 280 to the outer tank 104. The pressure of the liquid 114 inside the convoluted bags 280 may be measured via a transducer 286. The convoluted bag 280 is in fluid communication with the liquid conduit 266. Optionally, the convoluted bags 280 may be in fluid communication with one another via a conduit 288 which may be selective closed with a gate valve 290, for example. It is to be understood that the pre-charge of the apparatus 100 will result in a rise in the level of the liquid 114 in the outer tank 104, so a sufficient clearance between the level of the liquid 114 and the top of the head-extender 182 should be maintained.
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The outer tank 104 has at least two cylindrical ringwalls extending substantially vertically from the bottom 116 thereof – an outer ringwall 120 and an inner ringwall 122. The outer ringwall 120 and the inner ringwall 122 are extending substantially perpendicularly from the bottom 116 of the outer tank 104, and are substantially parallel to one another. Farmacos para el dolor muscular . The first height is less than the height of the outer tank 104, in order for liquid 114 to freely move over the top of the outer ringwall 120. The second height may be less than the first height, and is less than the height of the outer tank 104 in order for liquid 114 to freely flow over the top of the inner ringwall 122. In some exemplary embodiments, the first height of the outer ringwall 120 and the second height of the inner ringwall 122 may be equal or substantially equal to one another, while in other embodiments the second height may be greater than the first height.
A liquid level indicator 260 extends through the bottom 246 and is in fluid communication with the first annular space 254. The liquid level indicator 260 is fluidly connected to a transparent tube 262 which extends along the outside of the tank wall 248 to provide a visual indication of the level of liquid inside the outer tank 230, for example. An air nozzle 264 extends through the bottom 246 and into the second annular space 256. The air nozzle 264 may be fluidly connected with an air compressor (not shown) such that compressed air may be injected into the second annular space 256 as will be described below, for example. Once the pod 106 is completely submerged, the inner riser 108 is inserted into the outer tank 104 with its open lower end first.
The input cost may be further reduced by having a wider, shorter displacement chamber 140 below the outer tank 104 (it may reduce the differential pressure loss which is the cost of the operation). The lower portion 190 is substantially cylindrical in shape, and has a cylindrical wall 194, an open lower end 196, a concave closed upper end 198, and defines a lower cylindrical space 200. The outer riser 110a is inserted into the outer tank 104 with its open lower end 196 first, and is sized such that the outer riser 110 is partially disposed in the first annular space 124 between the outer ringwall 120 and the tank wall 118. The diameter of the open lower end 196 is larger that the diameter of the outer ringwall 120, such that an annular gap separates the outer ringwall 120 from the wall 194, when the outer riser 110a is inserted into the outer tank 104. The annular gap may be at least partially filled with liquid 114 and/or air.
The hydraulic capture cylinder 210 is attached to, or connected with, the outer riser 110, and is in fluid communication with the hydraulic accumulator 212. The hydraulic capture cylinder 210 moves with the outer riser 110 of the apparatus 100 and pumps pressurized hydraulic fluid into the hydraulic accumulator 212 when the lift pressure of the apparatus 100 exceeds the minimum pressure setting at the hydraulic accumulator 212. When the minimum pressure is exceeded, the hydraulic fluid is stored under pressure inside the hydraulic accumulator 212 until it is consumed as will be described below.
The hydraulic assist 218a is used to compensate for the differential loss by using the pressurized hydraulic fluid from the hydraulic accumulator 212. The differential air mass exchanger 102a may be connected to at least two units 101a and 101b, when additional work is added to one side of the differential air mass exchanger 102; the cylinder 216 travels in the opposite direction. Once equilibrium is reached (the point at which enough liquid column is created to over power the resistance of the hydraulics) – which is referred to as “pre-charge” – the apparatus 100 is in tension between traveling out of equilibrium and receiving additional input to travel further. Due to the unique combination of the pod 106, the inner riser 108 and the outer riser 110, and the outer ringwall 120 and inner ringwall 122, during the upstroke the pod 106 takes up space so that the liquid column can exist cheaply, and the liquid column is maintained and raised out of the liquid during the upstroke.
- Propicia el buen funcionamiento de los huesos y las articulaciones
- ½ taza de vinagre de manzana (125 ml)
- Water-conveyance apparatus comprising
- Alternate shapes of pivot structures to optimize fluid flow around them
- La muerte o desaparición de un ser querido (duelo)
- Para uso como constructor muscular o anabólico (activador enzimático de la síntesis proteica)
- Press banca
Such description makes reference to the annexed pictorial illustrations, schematics, graphs, drawings, and appendices. The appearances of the phrase “in one embodiment” in various places in the specification are not necessarily all referring to the same embodiment. The air conduit 130 is substantially cylindrical in shape and includes a valve 132, or other means for selectively closing and opening the air conduit 130 to allow the passage of air and/or liquid 114 through the air conduit 130. The air conduit 130 extends substantially parallel to the inner ringwall 122 and is disposed within the cylindrical space 128 defined by the inner ringwall 122. The air conduit 130 extends to a height at least equal to the height of the inner ringwall 122, but it is to be understood that the air conduit 130 may extend to various heights; including heights higher or lower than the height of the inner ringwall 122, for example.. Sillas para dolor de espalda