A voltage is applied to the capacitor (across the plates), which creates an electric field (“E”) that keeps the length of the tubes perpendicular to the surface of the capacitor plate. One of the tubes is physically connected to one plate of the capacitor, while the other end is free to move.
- Los riñones
- Pacientes con enfermedades autoinmunes
- Enfermedad de Kawasaki. Fiebre, erupción cutánea y enrojecimiento de los ojos
- Bases farmacológicas de la rotación de opioides
- Con la espalda recta y el torso firme estira los brazos hacia arriba y junta tus palmas
- Crear localmente mejores condiciones metabólicas para la curación
- Lávate y sécate la espalda si utilizas una maquinilla eléctrica
Assembly 1000 is configured such that the net charge of nanotubes 1002 in the assembly is zero, with half of the tubes including positive charges and the other half including negative charges. Similarly, control circuitry 2791 may be coupled to either charge member layer 2722, contact layer 2741, or both charge member layer 2722 and contact layer 2741. Generally, control circuitry 2742 may provide electrical signals (e.g., voltage or current signals) to a particular conductive component of system 2700. Control circuitry 2742 may also control the magnitude, polarity, and frequency of such control signals.
Nanometer scale electromechanical systems constructed in accordance with the present invention also provide components that efficiently collect and sum the outputs of the numerous paddles so that a useful electrical output is produced. For example, the ‘537 patent attempts to heat the thermocouple junction between two dissimilar materials by simply being in contact with a gas-molecule having an above-average speed. In addition, the ‘537 patent utilizes an array of electrical rectifiers (see, e.g., rectifier bridge 40 in FIGS.
Dolor Neuropático Fisterra
For example, thermally conductive housing 208 will be cooled as a result of the molecular impacts on paddles 100 and subsequent conversion of the paddle kinetic energy into electrical energy. Paddle 100 may be constructed, for example, from a substance such as carbon or silicon, although persons skilled in the art will appreciate that variations may be made in the fabrication materials of paddle 100 without departing from the spirit of the present invention. Resistor assemblies 308, 328 and 348 are each connected to two wires that are made from different material.
Dolores Musculares En Los Brazos
For example, if the temperature of the working substance increases, Maxwellian curve 1800 will take on a different shape as the average speed of a molecule increases. 10, at least one molecule in each nanotube 1002 is electrically charged (for example, individual nanotube 1012 includes at least one positively charged molecule, while individual nanotube 1022 includes at least one negatively charged molecule).
Dolor Espalda Alta Causas
These objects may be sized on the order of several nanometers per side, and may have a thickness on the order of about one or two nanometers. Persons skilled in the art will appreciate that the electrical output of these devices per unit surface area is proportional to the pressure of the fluid, the average temperature of the fluid, the oscillation frequency of the paddle and the mass of the fluid molecules used (regardless of whether the fluid is a gas or a liquid).
Tipos De Dolor De Espalda
Moreover, as the use of electronic devices continues to flourish, there is an ever increasing need to provide more efficient and/or quieter ways to cool the components that are typically the heart of such devices. A still further object of the present invention is to provide nanometer scale electromechanical systems that utilize molecular-level energy to create a pressure differential on a surface of an object to propel the object in a controllable direction. Persons skilled in the art will appreciate that thermal noise may be advantageously utilized through the many components of system 2600. For example, thermal noise about voltage source 2631, load resistor 2632, or the resistance of nanometer scale mechanical switch 2611 may be utilized to create the time-varying voltage at tip of mechanical switch 2611. More particularly, a DC voltage may be applied at charge member 2622 such that mechanical switch 2611 electrically couples contact 2642 when the voltage at the tip (free-moving portion) of switch 2611 reaches some minimum value.
In particular, paddle assembly 2042 may oscillate due to thermal vibrations. Such systems may also include a heat pump that utilizes molecular-level energy to either heat or cool a substance. Bola de grasa en la espalda con dolor . These systems may include, for example, a heat engine that converts molecular-level heat energy into useful mechanical or electrical energy. System 2900 can be utilized to convert the heat of a working substance, such as air, into useable electrical energy by using nanotubes 2971-2976 to selectively slow down the molecules of the working substance. 11. Nanometer-scale beams 2901-2906 are preferably configured to only electrically couple with contacts 2931-2936 when nanotubes 2971-2976, respectively, create an electrical charge at the free moving ends of nanometer-scale beams 2901-2906 having a specific polarity and minimum magnitude. As a result, nanometer-scale beams 2901-2906 will be provided an electrical charge at the tip of the free moving portion and, if large enough to attract to the charge of layers 2921-2926, respectively, will close to make a galvanic connection with contacts 2931-2936. As illustrated in system 2900, nanometer-scale beams 2902 and 2906 are closed upon contacts 2932 and 2936, respectively.
Dolor De Hombro
As will be described later in conjunction with system 2700 of FIG. FIG. 3 shows another embodiment of a portion of a nanometer scale electromechanical system 300 constructed in accordance with the principles of the present invention. For example, automatic switch 2091 may be constructed with a nanotube because a nanotube, as a single molecule, exhibits good wear characteristics. Appropriately, automatic switch 2091 is preferably constructed from a conductive material that exhibits low wear characteristics. When such an automatic switch is ON, a closed circuit exists between the two components that allows the resistor to draw current from the piezoelectric generator’s potential. FIG. 29 is a circuit schematic of a nanometer scale electromechanical system constructed in accordance with the principles of the present invention.
FIG. 11 shows a nanometer scale electromechanical assembly 1100 constructed in accordance with the principles of the present invention. Similar to assembly 1100 of FIG. Remedio natural para el dolor de rodilla . Turning to FIG. 24, system 2400 is illustrated and is a cross-sectional plan view of the nanometer scale electromechanical system of FIG. Operation of assembly 1300 is similar to assembly 1100, and is illustrated with respect to FIG. In general, however, the impact of molecule 1910 with paddle 1901 results, on average, with a reduction in velocity. Thus, in accordance with the present invention, paddles 302 can be substantially limited to moving between a neutral point (i.e., the resting location) and a single limit point (versus normal vibration that goes from a first limit point, through the neutral point to a second limit point and back).
System 700 includes an array of nanotubes 702 located between an upper plate 704 and lower plate 706 of capacitor 708, and a source of voltage 710, which is also coupled across the plates of capacitor 708. Each of nanotubes 702 may, for example, be constructed of a material such as carbon, having a diameter of about approximately 2 nanometers and a height of about approximately 25-50 nanometers (persons skilled in the art will appreciate that the dimensions of nanotubes 702 may be varied without departing from the spirit of the present invention). A load resistor may be placed between lines 2492 and 2494 as shown in system 2500 of FIG. FIG. 8 is an illustrative schematic diagram of a portion of the nanometer scale electromechanical system of FIG.
Dolor Espalda Media
FIG. 27 is a perspective view of one embodiment of a nanometer scale transistor of FIG. For example, if a given subassembly was formed to include an array of paddle assemblies in which each assembly occupied approximately one hundred square nanometers, a square centimeter assembly would include roughly one trillion paddle assemblies. 28 is one such array configuration. Such a system may utilize the thermal characteristics of the paddle itself. Ejercicios para el dolor de espalda alta y cuello . 4, each of the paddle assemblies 402, 422 and 442 includes an impact mass 490 and a multitude of nanotubes 492 that are mounted on impact mass 490 such that they are substantially perpendicular to impact mass 490. Each of nanotubes 492 may, for example, be constructed of a material such as carbon, having a diameter of about approximately 2 nanometers and a height of about approximately 25-50 nanometers (persons skilled in the art will appreciate that the dimensions of nanotubes 492 may be varied without departing from the spirit of the present invention).