DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Referring to FIG. Referring to FIG. 3, the construction and operation of each compression unit 24(a)-(d) in FIG. The reservoir platform 32 comprises the intermediate reservoirs 14(a)-(d), and the high pressure reservoir 16. The intermediate reservoirs 14(a)-(d) are supported on the reservoir platform 32 or above the platform 32 as may be desired. FIG. 2 is a schematic side elevation view of the system floating in water, the system having four floating compression units each serving as a pressurization stage and a submerged high pressure reservoir platform supporting the intermediate reservoirs. Like the first embodiment, liquid will flow through the supply tube 50 and into the collection chamber 42 and compression chamber 40. During the compression stroke, the liquid, being substantially incompressible, will flow through valves 66 into the buffer 68, and out of the discharge conduit 52. Pressure from the compression stroke will also cause the water in the buffer 68 to compress the elastic compression member, such that when the piston 26 enters into its intake stroke and water stops flowing into the buffer 68 from the compression chamber 40, water continues to be pumped under pressure through the discharge conduit 52 by the expansion of the compression device 70. Use of such compression devices 70 is thus advantageous to smooth out the delivery of pressurized fluid through the system 10. The compression device 70 can be made of a solid compressible material, or be a hollow gas filled structure pre-pressurized to the same pressure as the output pressure from the previous stage.
The piston head 28 can be a hollow dome-shaped structure attached to the top end of the piston shaft 30, and functions as a piston reservoir. The floating component has sufficient buoyancy to float on water waves and has a compression chamber with an inlet valve biased to receive a fluid at an intake pressure. The compression unit 24(a) has a floating component 34 that is buoyant and slidably coupled to the piston shaft 30 such that the floating component 34 is free to move within a certain range with the motion of waves. The above is all a matter of design criteria such as wave heights, final pressure, final volume and buoyancy forces. Dolor de espalda despues de un legrado . As the pressure of the fluid is increased at each successive stage, wave action will cause all stages to pump and move fluid through the stages at increasing pressure and decreasing volume for use at the outlet from the last of the stages.
Tipos De Dolor Dental
The total swept volume of the compression chambers at any one of the stages is smaller than that of the preceding upstream stage. In particular, the total swept volume of all the compression unit 24 in a particular stage is less than the total swept volume of the compression unit 24 in a preceding stage. Alternatively, but not shown, each stage 12(a)-(d) has a different number of compression units 24, wherein each compression unit 24 in a stage has a pressurization chamber with the same swept volume. The minimum amplitude is determined by the design of the air compressing cylinder, and this disadvantage is present in both single unit devices and multiple unit arrays of the conventional methods and devices. Conventional single unit devices and multiple arrays of units conventionally connected in parallel suffer from the disadvantage that a relatively high minimum amplitude of wave must be encountered before the pressure in the cylinder reaches a level at which useable pressurized fluid is generated.
FIGS. 6( a) and (b) are schematic end elevation views of the system at horizontal and tilted positions, and FIG. FIGS. 5( a) and (b) are schematic side elevation and plan views of the reservoir platform, which includes a reaction plate and multiple vertical pillars extending upwards there-from. If a wave is encountered which provides a stroke of less than 56.64 inches, the gas is pressurized to a level less than 250 psia and there is no output of compressed gas. For example, it is desirable to smooth out the delivery of pressurized fluid through the device. The method comprises first conveying a fluid through a series of at least two stages; then incrementally increasing the pressure of the fluid as the fluid passes under the force of differential pressure between successive stages from an initial pressure input at an initial stage to a final pressure output from a final stage.
Dolores Musculares Generalizados
At low initial pressure increases between stages, the same piston areas for all compression units can be selected for convenience, with the initial stages using only part of the available buoyant force. The system also comprises at least one intermediate reservoir fluidly coupled between two stages by fluid conduits, for accumulating pressurized fluid from an upstream stage and to provide gas for a downstream stage; each intermediate reservoir is positioned between the stages to reduce fluid pressure transmission losses. For a particular wave regime, the wave heights and therefore the buoyant forces available will be fairly constant. When encountering lateral wave and wind forces, the system 10 will list to a maximum list angle defined by the mooring line geometry, and the compression units 24(a)-(d) will oscillate along a vector defined as the sum of the vertical wave movement (vertical vector), and lateral wave and wind forces (horizontal vector).
Tipos De Dolor Torácico
Mooring lines can be fixed at one end to the ground or seabed and at another end to the platform in such a manner that the platform will list under certain lateral wind or wave forces, thereby enabling the floating component to move relative to the corresponding piston assembly in response to both lateral and vertical wind or wave forces.
Dolor De Muelas
The piston assembly is fixable in place relative to the floating component such that relative movement between the floating component and piston assembly compresses fluid from the intake pressure to at least the output pressure. The floating component floats in the body of water and rises and falls with the rise and fall of wave motion; the piston assembly member is anchored. The reservoir is anchored to the ocean floor and is connected in line between the air compression cylinder and the compressed air output conduit. Mucho dolor muscular en todo el cuerpo . A discharge conduit 22(i) transmits gas at the pressurized output pressure Pfinal to the turbine 18 and generator located on a nearby barge (not shown in this Figure). Pat. No. 4,408,454 to Hagen et al, and U.S. Pat. No. 4,754,157 to Windle (issued Jun.
Dolor En El Hombro
This solution is not cost effective given the capital cost of building an array of units and the operational cost of maintaining them. This arrangement is particularly useful to rapidly recharge the compression chamber 40 with gas during the piston’s intake stroke. In this first described embodiment, the system 10 operates using a gas as the compression fluid, e.g. The system provides for a new ambient pressure starting point at each stage in the series, such that each successive downstream stage has a higher initial pressure than the previous stage(s). Other compression devices 70 can be used to pump water through the system 10, including a diaphragm (not shown) mounted inside the buffer 68 and separating the buffer into a lower portion for receiving water, and an upper portion filled with air. Vertical oscillation of the first portion as it reacts to the wave causes the piston and chamber to vertically move relative to each other, thereby compressing the fluid in the chamber and driving the fluid through an outlet valve and to the next adjacent pressurization unit.
The outlet valve is biased to open at a selected outlet pressure; when the pressure in the chamber decreases below the outlet pressure, fluid transmission to the next pressurization unit stops. When the floating component 34 rises towards a wave’s peak, the piston 26 enters into its compression stroke. The floating component 34 includes a buoyant surface float 36 which provides the buoyant force as it interacts with the waves, is buoyant enough to keep the floating component 34 afloat, and can be a hollow pressure vessel filled with air. The floating component can further comprise a housing attached to the float and housing the compression chamber, wherein a space between the compression chamber and housing defines a gas collection chamber fluidly coupled to the compression chamber inlet valve and the fluid intake conduit. Dolor muscular debajo del seno izquierdo . Referring to FIG. 4 and according to a second embodiment of the invention, the compression units 24 can be adapted to pump liquid.
FIG. 3 is a schematic sectioned view of one compression unit configured to pump a gas. Variations to such devices have been made to pressurize liquids or to pump water to fill an elevated water reservoir on shore. That is, the mooring lines 31 are attached to the platform 32 such that the platform 26 can list in the water. The base of the piston head 28 has multiple one-way check valves 66 that are biased to open at a designated output pressure Pout. When liquid, the piston reservoir further comprises compressible material therein which compresses at or above the output pressure from an initial state to a compressed state, and which drives the liquid from the piston reservoir through the discharge conduit when expanding back to the initial state. 10 in response to wind and other environmental conditions. The surface float 36 should be proportioned to sit between the waves, and be no more than ¼ the size of the wave length, in order to move up and down with the waves.
Dolor De Estomago
The submerged reservoir is positioned below the float and air compression cylinder, and remains relatively stationary in deeper waters away from the active wave surface. The dimensions and shape of the platform 32 can be scaled to accommodate the number of compression units 24 deployed. When the wave falls and the piston 26 enters into its next intake (expansion) stroke and draws gas from the collection chamber 42 into the compression chamber 40, gas in the piston reservoir 68 will continue to be discharged through the discharge conduit 52 until the piston reservoir pressure Pbuffer falls to the output pressure Pout. The valves 66 open and allow gas inside the compression chamber 40 at or above output pressure Pout into the hollow portion 68 of the piston head 28 (“piston reservoir”).
- Rechazo al tratamiento
- Mareos, sensación de frío, debilidad, todo ello se debe a pérdida sanguínea
- La concentración de sodio en el plasma
- Tirón muscular en la axila
- Incorporation of magnetic second phases to orient the magnetic domains
- Dificultad para respirar
In summary, before compressed gas of 250 psia opens the check valve and exits the chamber, the piston must move over 56 inches or 95% of its full stroke. There is a maximum buoyant force available from the wave which is dictated by the wave height. A great variety of approaches have been proposed to generate energy from waves. Different arrangements may have different minimum strokes. Single float type units are also described in U.S. Multiple parallel arrays of such units are described in U.S. Another example is found in U.S. U.S. patent application publications, U.S.