The present invention seeks to provide a wave energy converter (WEC) system that meets the following criteria: 1) is not expensive, 2) can operate as well in deep as shallow water, 3) can be fully water and wind proofed so it can be sustained untended in water for long periods of time, 4) can operate well in all wind conditions, and 5) can use leverage to reduce the force necessary to generate electricity. Furthermore, the stationary input pulley 71 of the wave energy converter mechanism 7 is axially fixed to the enclosure support axle 4 within the enclosure 3. Therefore, the stationary input pulley 71 is restrained from rotation relative to the enclosure support axle 4. As the enclosure 3 is allowed to rotate about the enclosure support axle 4, the enclosure 3 thus furthermore rotates relative to the stationary input pulley 71. Each pulley of the at least one pulley system 72, as well as the generator output pulley 73, is fixed by an axle to the interior of the enclosure 3, thus being translationally fixed within the enclosure 3 but allowed to rotate.
Dolor Espalda Y Abdomen
Referring to FIG. 7, the preferred embodiment of the present invention further comprises a generator axle 100, while the at least one pulley system 72 further comprises an intermediate axle 77 and an intermediate pulley 78. The intermediate pulley 78 is axially fixed to the intermediate axle 77. The generator axle 100 is axially fixed to the electrical generator 8 and the generator output pulley 73, and the intermediate pulley 78 is torsionally coupled to the generator output pulley 73 through a belt 76 or chain. Thus, the float 6 is generally constrained to the surface of the water, while the floatable platform 1 rises and falls according to any wave action. A float arm is attached to the enclosure at one end, and the stationary float at the other, is lifted repeatedly at the enclosure end by waves, producing rotational motion of the enclosure around the axle connecting it to the platform mount.
This axle, to which an input pulley is connected, does not turn as the enclosure revolves around it. A system of pulleys and/or gears attached by axle to the enclosure, turn because of their motion around the belt or chain connecting them to the stationary input axle. In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the wave energy converter mechanism 7 and the electrical generator 8 are both hermetically sealed within the enclosure 3, making the wave energy converter mechanism 7 and the electrical generator 8 weatherproof and waterproof against various environmental hazards which may potentially damage the present invention. The WEC is hermetically sealed, providing full weather protection to the WEC machinery, located inside the sealed capsule. Both types of prior art seem to provide exposure to weather and salt water which could impede the WEC’s functioning. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Electricity generation is the process of generating electric power from sources of primary energy, such as through electromechanical generators driven by heat engines fueled by combustion or nuclear fission, and/or through other means such as harnessing the kinetic energy of flowing water and wind.
Prior art in which the platform and/or WEC is anchored using a post-based system (the “oil rig” anchoring system) does not allow WEC usage in deep water, except at exorbitant cost, affordable only by large communities already most likely to have electricity. With wind, the gear driven WEC mechanism can be blown to the far end of the anchor line and held there by the wind as waves rise and fall; hence, there is no movement by the mechanism along the anchor line, and therefore no electricity generated. Furthermore, the float arm 5 is oriented perpendicular to the enclosure support axle 4, such that the float arm 5 is oriented along a longitudinal direction, and wherein the enclosure support axle 4 is oriented along a lateral direction, thus facilitating efficient transferal of force from the float arm 5 to the wave energy converter mechanism 7. Some embodiments may further comprise a counterweight being connected within the enclosure 3 adjacent to the proximal end 51 of the float arm 5, though the location of the counterweight may vary as desired.
Tipos De Dolor
10, some embodiments of the present invention may further comprise at least one weathervane fin 140 connected to the deck 11 of the floatable platform 1, being oriented along the longitudinal direction, and distributed symmetrically about a longitudinal centerline of the deck 11. The at least one weathervane fin 140 acts to keep the floatable platform 1 oriented into any wind forces to which the floatable platform 1 may be subjected. Psoas y dolor lumbar . In some embodiments, the floatable platform 1 further comprises a deck 11 and an opening 12. The at least one enclosure mount 2 is connected atop the deck 11, and the opening 12 traverses through the deck 11. The float arm 5 and the float 6 are aligned within the opening 12, wherein the float arm 5 and the float 6 are free to traverse into the opening 12. The opening 12 should traverse vertically through the entirety of the floatable platform 1, enabling the float 6 to contact the water upon which the floatable platform 1 is floated.
Preferably, the anchor line 9 will remain taut against wave and wind forces, so that the float 6 remains stationary at trough water level. The current invention uses an anchor line to provide a cost-effective way of connecting the moving platform supporting the WEC device to the stationary sea bed, no matter how deep the water is, without the limitations found in prior art using anchor lines. Hence, as the enclosure 3 rotates about the enclosure support axle 4 anchoring the wave energy converter mechanism 7 to the floatable platform 1, the pulleys of the at least one pulley system 72 and the generator output pulley 73 also rotate in an arc about the enclosure support axle 4 and the stationary input pulley 71, rotating the pulleys of the at least one pulley system 72 and the generator output pulley 73 relative to each other.
- Gimnasia general
- Electroactive Polymer Devices
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- A wave height of 4 meters, and
- Metástasis del cáncer hacia otras partes del cuerpo que no sea la región mamaria
- Artritis o artrosis
It is contemplated that where applicable, references to pulleys or gears may be understood to be interchangeable or may be utilized in conjunction with each other, in that the pulleys and/or gears serve the same purpose of producing a mechanical advantage in multiplying an input rotation at the float arm into a faster output rotation at the generator. The pulleys and/or gears may be connected to each other through any applicable means, such as, but not limited to, flat belts, V-belts, other belt types, roller chains, or other types of chains.
The other alternative, anchor line-based prior art, simply does not work in windy conditions. Features 2, 3 and 4 are absolutely necessary for any WEC system that is actually useable; conditions 1 and 5 are highly desirable. For the present invention to be of practical use, it is important that it be capable of withstanding submersion without damage.
This is a flaw in its design which renders it unsuitable for practical applications. Preferably, the floatable platform 1 further comprises a keel 130, and/or rudder connected to the deck 11 opposite the enclosure 3 mount, and the keel 130 should be laterally aligned with the float arm 5. The purpose of the keel 130 is to maintain a proper orientation of the floatable platform 1 in relation to the wave action and/or wind forces to ensure optimal orientation of the float arm 5. Furthermore, the keel 130 may act as a brace or a stop which may prevent the float arm 5 from rotating downwards more than a certain amount, such as, but not limited to, 90 degrees downward from horizontal, as can be seen in FIG. Dolor de estomago lado derecho y espalda . Furthermore, as the floatable platform 1 rises and sinks relative to the float 6 due to wave action, the float arm 5 causes the enclosure 3 to rotate about the enclosure support axle 4. The small output pulley 75 of the first pulley system 730 rotates in an arc about the stationary input pulley 71, wherein the stationary input pulley 71 in the current example is the large input pulley 74 of the first pulley system 730. Since the small output pulley 75 of the first pulley system 730 is torsionally connected to the stationary input pulley 71 by a fixed belt 76 or chain, the arced rotation of the small output pulley 75 of the first pulley about the stationary input pulley 71 causes the small output pulley 75 of the first pulley system 730 to rotate.
The system of pulleys multiplies the input rotation through mechanical advantage into a much faster angular speed at the output axle. These anchor line designs depend on gears or pulleys moving back and forth along the anchor line due to rising and falling waves. However, people who live on islands in oceans or lakes large enough to have reasonably constant wind, or shorelines, or similar areas may not have consistent or reliable access to an electrical grid, and it may be desirable to seek alternative methods to provide electrical power for their households.
DETAIL DESCRIPTIONS OF THE INVENTION All illustrations of the drawings are for the purpose of describing selected versions of the present invention and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Materials for the raft suitable for generating electric for 5 families are estimated to be relatively low-cost and suitable for application with individual households. The present invention seeks to address these problems by presenting a moveable raft with a long lever arm and a float at its opposite end. FIG. 7 is an internal top view of the enclosure showing the wave energy converter mechanism according to one embodiment of the present invention.
A flywheel may be used to store rotational energy to maintain a stable rotational rate. Thus, in one preferred embodiment, presented herein as a non-limiting example, the stationary input pulley 71 is the large input pulley 74 of the first pulley system 730. The stationary input pulley 71 is torsionally connected to the small output pulley 75 of the first pulley system 730 by a chain or belt 76. The ratio of the diameters of the stationary input pulley 71 to the small output pulley 75 may be, but is not limited to, ten to one. 1 is a perspective view of one embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 10 is a perspective view of the present invention illustrating weathervane fins according to one embodiment of the present invention. The present invention is to be described in detail and is provided in a manner that establishes a thorough understanding of the present invention.