For an equipment with the vertical pipeline that extends from horizontal manifold, volume flowrate upwards flows in each venturi pipeline in order along with water and reduces.Therefore in one embodiment of the invention, the sectional area that can make manifold reduces so that provide a constant flow velocity along the length of manifold along this flow path, and this flow velocity is a value that is higher than sedimental critical value.Such current situation can help prevent the eddy current that in manifold, forms the waste energy. In order to realize a little diffuser angle, obtain a pipeline with long chord length.Figure 14 shows the two-way pipeline 100 of an array, and these pipelines have the isolated component 114 that is positioned at adjacent channel 100 formed diffuser section 108a, 108b.Isolated component 114 can be positioned in the diffuser section so that allow on whole assembly, to use short chord length, and still keeps a little effective angle to come aux.
Tipos De Dolor Torácico
The rear end of the downstream of these elements can comprise a plurality of perforation so that the boundary layer control at auxiliary this diffuser section place. Being used in the past used vertically moving through the water surface that causes along the phase deviation between the oval particle water path of wavelength from the system that wave extracts energy.Typically; Device in the past relate to be connected to that the lip-deep machinery of wave is arranged or the gas collection body of certain form on the floating debris of certain form, be used for periodicity with the wave surface vertically move change into certain form for the useful motion of generating (normally rotating).This type systematic normally mechanically complex and be adjusted at a frequency low-resonance for effective work, the energy density of the wave spectrum under this frequency around the expection reaches peak value.If wave frequencies is different from this design resonance frequency, then output possibly sharply reduce.The vertical wave component that does not vibrate if only there is lateral flow (current or morning and evening tides), then this type systematic is useless.
In Figure 28, equipment 180 is installed to be the whole width that stride across water 182 basically, on the way a space 198 being arranged, in this space, has located an import that comprises turbo machine 196.A surface 184 is used to help to suppress the current of bypass, and still in structure, keeps an open channel on each free end that is attached to these modules on the either side in gap 198.The secondary flow 190 of passing turbo machine has been regulated the head on the equipment and has been fallen. Fig. 6-Figure 11 shows the instance of the profile of the pipeline that can be used to form the equipment that in way flow, uses. This system can comprise a buoyant device, so that control or change the buoyancy of this system and for example so that raise or reduce its degree of depth in water.This buoyant device can be arranged in the section of this system and can be arranged on this downstream side.This buoyant device can be a sealed chamber, and air can be introduced in this sealed chamber or therefrom remove.
Dolor Espalda Media
The water surface at each place, top, Venturi tube gap is the Free Surface place at a water column, and this water column is accelerating to forward on the length of the weak point of Venturi tube at a high speed, slowing down when getting into diffuser section leaving again then.This free water surface height is to be determined by the rate of change of the equilibrium of forces of the complicacy that produces from its gross head, its momentum and effect barometric pressure above that.This free water surface height remains on the higher height place of gross head that its part reduces, and this will show that it is quasi-static.Any trend that Free Surface reduces in pipeline all possibly have adverse effect to the performance of this device.Through orientation management blade on pipeline, can suppress the reduction of Free Surface. The outer surface that defines this diffuser section of these pipelines can comprise the zone of a roughening.The surface of this roughening helps to promote the turbulent flow in the boundary layer, and this can promote to mix and assist pressure recovers.This surface can have a rough surface, like the surface of band pit.This surface can be in the manufacture process of pipeline forming or can allow in its using process at pipeline the self-sow through allowing marine growth or passing in time similarly and on pipeline, form on the pipeline.
Tipos De Dolor Oms
This equipment may further include a plurality of isolated components that are positioned at this diffuser section.These isolated components can be movably with respect to these elements in this diffuser section. Each element can comprise a movably separating plate, so that this upstream side is separated with this downstream side.This separating plate can be controllable so that change the sectional area of this flow channel.Also can use the sectional area of this flow channel of control and/or other mechanisms of its a plurality of parts of sun plug. Each hole can have an independent controlled closing mechanism device.This closing mechanism device can be valve and/or gate.Each hole can open and close individually, and perhaps this closing mechanism device can be in central authorities’ running so that the disposable institute that closes in each array be porose.The existence of this closing mechanism device makes the user can change the sectional area of the active part of this equipment.
Figure 18 shows one embodiment of the invention, and it has horizontally extending drifting management blade 132 on the pipeline of vertically arranging 134, and these pipelines are connected on the manifold 136.This equipment comprises the vertical pipeline 134 of an array with one or more drifting management blades 132, and these drifting management blades are horizontal location on this conduits of vertically arranging.These horizontal blades can be that what to put down is substantially horizontal so that keep it at current when the Venturi tube. This equipment may further include a syphon hood (syphonic cowl) that extends out from the downstream side of this equipment.This syphon hood has been created a tilt cover at the back side of this equipment, the turbulent fluctuation that this tilt cover can help to be produced by the mixing of the stream that exists in the Venturi tube minimizes.This cover can help the pressure with the equipment top in downstream side to maintain to be lower than barometric pressure.
Dolor Sordo Profundo Y Continuo
The energy loss that possibility is passed this Venturi tube owing to the reorganization of secondary flow and the inner main flow of Venturi tube.The theoretical maximum of the useful work that can from secondary flow, extract is the function of the geometrical shape of SMEC equipment.The geometrical shape of the profile of Venturi tube can influence the energy loss in the Venturi tube. In tidal flow, when drawdown, uppermost hole possibly become and be exposed in the atmosphere, and this water with pipe interior has been exposed under the barometric pressure.The inner water level of venturi pipeline will descend and possibly produce electric power still less then, because be acting along this pipeline hole still less.Pipe interior cut apart to make each chamber be to be in fluid to be communicated with to create a series of chamber via the lower end of this Guan Eryu pipeline, make or even all can both be utilized in the hole of main flow lower face under low water level.
The length of employed element and the size of this equipment can change and will depend on a plurality of factors, and for example this equipment is with the orientation of the depth bounds that is used, desirable purposes, these elements, related water depth and the current in this water.This equipment can extend on the scope of hundreds of rice and can depend on that this system will be installed in the width of this water body wherein at tens meters. Draining from turbo machine can stand the adjustment of flowing.This can realize through the traction tube (thereby forming a diffuser) in the outside wedge shape of downstream location of turbo machine.This will help to keep the pressure drop that reduces in the turbo machine downstream, and this has increased the power that can from secondary flow, extract. Figure 21, Figure 22 and Figure 23 show a further embodiment of this SMEC equipment.Wherein this equipment comprises the venturi pipeline 200 of an array, and these pipelines have downstream side 202 and flow channel 204 of a wedge shape, and this flow channel has along a plurality of holes 206 of its length location.These pipelines 200 are connected on the public horizontal manifold 208, this manifold and then be connected on the vertical flow-catheter 210.This flow-catheter 210 has and is used to admit a plurality of imports 212 and the one or more turbo machine 214 from the water of water body, and these turbo machines are positioned at this flow-catheter 210, are connected on the generator 216 through a live axle.On these pipelines 200 and flow-catheter 210, a plurality of horizontal manifold 218 have been located.
Dolor De Oidos
Each manifold can comprise a series of chambers, and each chamber is positioned near the end of a flow channel; And a delivery pipe, this delivery pipe is from this chamber extension and have an import that is positioned at this below, series chamber. Proposed to be used for the mobile multiple suggestion that is converted into electricity of current, wave or morning and evening tides as free of contamination generating approach. In one embodiment, each SMEC equipment can be used as that module forms and along the river or the length of other water bodys (for example river mouth, fyord or irrigation canals and ditches) position.These modules can make flowing of water or tidal flow generates electricity. In having an embodiment of a plurality of vertical elements, this equipment may further include at least one the horizontal barrier film that between adjacent element, extends.A plurality of horizontal barrier films can the length along these elements extend with isolated spacing between two adjacent element.These horizontal barrier films can help the minimized in size with the eddy current in the vertical plane between the adjacent element.
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In having an embodiment of horizontal cell, this equipment may further include at least one the vertical barrier film that between adjacent element, extends.A plurality of vertical barrier films can extend between two adjacent element.These vertical barrier films can help the minimized in size with the eddy current in the horizontal plane between the adjacent element. 3, then the level arrangement of pipeline provides with level management blade and can arrange identical effect to vertical pipeline this equipment inherently. For the weir of routine, can in this SMEC equipment, combine a plurality of sluice to pass through to allow boat.Can in this SMEC equipment, combine a plurality of spaces in the river, to pass through back and forth to allow watercraft, fish or marine mammal. Figure 31. show the side view of the pipeline at different water levels place. Dolor de cadera y pierna derecha . When pipeline itself is a level, as shown in Fig.