For instance, a simple dome shaped end cap embodiment is illustrated in FIG. The occurrence of this phenomenon is eliminated in the preferred embodiment by a funnel shaped deflector 50 of FIG. The deflector 50 is comprised of an inverted frustum of a cone 51 with a circle of inwardly directed fingers 52. The fingers form a scrubber which scrapes bubbles 53 from the surface of dispersers as the disperser chain moves upward through the deflector.
- A los fines de esta decisión, cLBP se define de la siguiente manera: – Dura 12 semanas o más
- Mala memoria
- FIG. 4A depicts a perspective view of an embodiment of a kinetic energy conversion system
- Ayuda a combatir los problemas del tinnitus
- Distorsión de voces o sonidos
- (8) if EcCapture>EcMax then EcMax=EcCapture and Coptimal=Ctest
2 which depicts displacers passing through the airlock 30. In the best reduction to practice, the airlock is a tubular structure 31 sealed around an opening 32 in the bottom of the water tank 12. Three seals, 40, 41 and 42, effect the airlock function in this embodiment by sequentially opening and closing as the displacers of the chain 20 move up into the water column 11. The airlock sequence starts with seal 40 forming a water tight barrier around the base end cap 22 of displacer 21A, seal 41 closed about the upper end cap 23 of displacer 21B and seal 42 tightly pressed around the coupling link 24 forming the chain link connection joining displacer 21C to displacer 21B. As the displacer chain moves up, seal 40 closes about coupling link 25 while seal 41 remains around displacer 21B and seal 42 engages the upper end cap of displacer 21C. Seals 41 and 42 remain tightly closed about dispersers 21B and 21C as the chain moves up and seal 40 closes about displacer 21B as it enters the water column, preventing water leakage.
Dolor De Estomago
FIG. 5 illustrates an alternate displacer end-cap design in a chain going up through the air lock to enter the water tank via the seal assembly. The main seal body is comprised of a ridged ring 44 surrounding an expandable circular member 45 which forms an opening 46 through which a disperser may pass. The circular member 45 is inflated by pressurized air supplied via the airline 43 which, because of the ridged ring, expands only toward the center. The expandable circular member 45 is capable of expanding under the influence of pressurized air to completely close opening 46 to form a water tight seal around a disperser or coupling link.
3. Each seal has one or more compressed airlines 43 capable of supplying air under pressure to the main body of the seal. Thus the total weight of the displacers being pulled down by gravity on one side equals the weight of the displacers on the other and the system is in balance, leaving only the buoyant force as calculated according to Archimedes’ principle. The displacement in such devices is not of water but of a buoyant device. Dolor cervical y lumbar . Such a structure may be required to prevent freezing in some parts of the world or it may be required to prevent evaporation in arid climates. Each displacing element 21 of the displacement chain 20 enters the bottom of the water column 11 by way of an airlock 30 and seal 40. This minimizes the force required to inject a displacing element into the bottom of the water column. The size of the water tank 12 and displacers 21 in this application are large and dictated by the size of the generator 71 required to satisfy the needs of the community.
Dolor Muscular Piernas
Using naturally occurring water sources to replenish the upper water column 11 eliminates wP from the work force equation and thus maximizes the systems ability to preform useful work wT. The invention relates to a method and apparatus for producing energy without creating pollution or using any known consumables currently employed to produce energy.
Potential energy is lost as water flows past the paddles or turbine blades behind the mass of water causing the paddle or blade to move and before the next paddle or blade is in position to be fully engaged by the flowing water. The water reservoir 90 for supplying startup and replacement liquid for liquid lost by evaporation or airlock seal leakage is positioned above the top of the tank 12 to permit filling and refilling via gravity flow. Replacement water to the upper tank is provided by gravity feed from any available source located at an elevation higher than the upper water tank. Replacement liquid may by provided by such man made means or natural means such as a lake, river, stream, etc. Examples of such water sources are: elevated rainwater collecting cisterns, lakes, ponds, rivers, streams, etc. In a preferred method of operation, air pressure in the expandable circular member 45 is varied to provide a water tight seal about the various diameters passing therethrough while offering the least amount of resistance to the disperser chain movement.
The airlock seals are extremely efficient, but they may allow a small amount of air to enter the upper tank as the disperser chain advances. To start the Economy of Motion Machine, the water is pumped or allowed to flow into the tank 12 after air under sufficient pressure is forced into the seals of airlock 30, see FIG. Dolor lumbar al dormir . SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In the Economy of Motion Machine, displacement is held constant while a chain of buoyant displacers move up in the displaced water column. In a typical reduction to practice, the invention uses displacing elements 21, each of which displace 800 gallons of water plus the volume of the material forming the displacer and therefore each provide a buoyant force wB equal to the weight of the displaced water minus the weight of the displacer, assuming the liquid forming the column is water.
Dolor Espalda Alta Causas
Assuming the displacer is made of common rolled steel with a density of 7,850 Kg/m3 or 0.58 lbs/in3 and it weighs 800 pounds, then the approximate volume of the material from which the displacer is made is 1,379 cubic inches. In the exemplary system, the water column is high enough to immerse 18 displacing elements 21 of the chain 20 to provide a force wB of 101,664 pounds, assuming the water being used in column 11 weighs 8 pounds per gallon. FIG. 6 illustrates a domed displacer end-cap design in a chain passing around the upper and lower idler wheels. The angle between the flat surface 62 and the flat surface 63 forming the end of the end cap is selected as a function of the radius of curvature of the idler wheels. FIG. 7 illustrates an alternate displacer end-cap design incorporating flat end surfaces in a chain passing around the upper and lower idler wheels.
The means by which the chain of displacers 20 enter the water column is illustrated by FIG. Thus the specific gravity of each liquid displacer is less than the specific gravity of the liquid in the column when the liquid is water. Water has only been thought of as a means to float something, i.e, a displacer. While preferred embodiments of this invention have been illustrated and described, variations and modifications may be apparent to those skilled in the art. The bubbles will decrease the chain’s buoyancy in the same way that a mass of methane gas bubbles have been shown to cancel the buoyancy of a ship at sea and cause it to sink. Other objectives and advantages will become apparent as the disclosing of this new means is considered with the accompanying drawings. The bubbles accompanying the disperser chain are forced away from the chain by the inverted cone shape of the deflector to eliminate any negating effect they may have on the buoyancy of the chain of dispersers.
FIG. Dolor en las articulaciones del codo . 4 illustrates the air deflector in the base of the water column. 1. As the water covers the top of airlock and starts to envelop the first displace 21A of FIG. In the preferred embodiment the airlock seals, 40, 41, 42, are air pressure actuated, see FIG. In a preferred embodiment representing the best mode of practicing the invention, the average specific gravity of all of the elements and voids comprising a liquid displacer is less than unity. The weight of the displacing elements 21 does not have to be considered further because, as can be seen in FIG. The earliest known devices were simple water wheels which have evolved into modern turbines used in hydroelectric systems employing massive dams. More recently, tide machines have been used to create energy by displacement. It has been demonstrated in “Bermuda Triangle” related experiments that a curtain of bubbles can significantly reduce the buoyancy of a floating object.
This has always been accomplished as a function of gravity induced motion of the water. When a displacer 21 enters the water column 11, it displaces a volume of water equal to the displacer’s total volume, i.e., the volume inside the displacer plus the volume of the material forming the displacer. The displacer’s buoyancy in water is a function of the displacer’s specific gravity.