RU2430264C2 – Power System Built Around Float-type Pump – Google Patents

During operation, as the waves travel through the float pump unit 500, water contacts the float unit 510 through an opening in the float cylinder 504, raising the float unit 510 cyclically in accordance with the hydrodynamic parameters of the water, as well as the hydraulic or pneumatic characteristics of the float pump unit 500. Gas or liquid in the float chamber 508 is removed or discharged through an exhaust valve 514 and an exhaust line 518 to line 532. When a wave passes the float pump unit 500, the float unit 510 gradually lowers under the influence of gravity, creating a vacuum inside the float chamber 508. Accordingly, gas or liquid enters through the inlet line 516 and inlet valve 512 into the float chamber 508. When the next wave, gas or liquid drawn into the float chamber 508 approaches are again forced out through the exhaust valve 512, the exhaust line 518 and the line 532, respectively, to the position of the float unit, which rises with the wave.

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Gorila The float unit 510 located inside the float chamber 508 has a predetermined buoyancy, so that the float unit 510 moves cyclically in accordance with the hydrodynamic parameters of the water in which the float pump unit 500 is installed, as well as the hydraulic or pneumatic characteristics of the float pump unit itself. Such adjustment can be made by (1) manually or remotely adjusting the float unit 114 in the axial direction or in the radial direction relative to the float chamber 112 or in both directions; and (2) regulating other characteristics of the float block 114, which affect its behavior in water. Such characteristics include: a peak, which is the highest point of the wave; the hollow, which is the lowest point of the wave; height, which is the distance in the vertical direction between the top and the bottom; the wavelength, which is the distance in the horizontal direction between the peak and the trough; a period that represents the transit time of a single wavelength; frequency, which is the number of waves that pass a fixed point per unit time, as well as amplitude, which is half the height and is directly related to the wave energy.

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The inlet and outlet valves 124, 126 are unidirectional hydraulic devices that allow the flow of gas or liquid to pass either into or out of the piston chamber 122, respectively. To minimize environmental impact, the inlet 126 of the piston chamber 122, which may be exposed to environmental influences, may have a filter mounted thereon to filter out undesired components. The design of the piston rod 116 should be lightweight and resistant to environmental influences such that the piston rod 116 operates in harsh environmental conditions. On top of the float frame 604, a ballast cap 634 is mounted on it to help keep the float pump unit 600 in a fixed position relative to the installation location in the water space 626. The base 608 of the float frame is connected by one surface to the exhaust valve 636, and the other surface to the exhaust line 638. The base 608 a float frame is provided for communication between the exhaust valve 636 and the exhaust line 638. The exhaust line 638 is telescopic in nature and can slide through the base 608 of the float frame so that when the float unit 616 is moved relative to the base 608 of the float frame, a constant connection is maintained between the exhaust valve 636 and the exhaust line 638. The piston rod 610 and the piston bearings 612 are fixed relative to the cover 606 of the float frame and the piston 614 to maintain a fixed the position of the piston 614 relative to the cover 606 of the float frame.

Instead of a reservoir, an exhaust line 518 may be connected to a line 532 for supplying gas or liquids to a desired location (not shown). Theoretically, the medium itself does not move during the passage of energy through it. The particles that make up such a medium only move along translational or cyclic (orbital) trajectories, transferring energy from one particle to another. The discharge line 130 may be connected to a storage tank, which may include, but is not limited to, a lake bottom, a water tower, or other water system. The base 708 of the float frame has a ballast compartment 740 mounted on it in order to maintain the position of the float pump unit 700 relative to the installation location in the body of water 734. The base 708 of the float frame is also connected to the hydraulic system line 742 and allows passage of the hydraulic system line 742 through the base of the 708 float frame.

The legs 736 of the float frame allow the passage of a mass of water 734 through them. Dolor lumbar medicamentos . Figure 6 shows a side view of yet another embodiment of a float pump installation 600. The float pump installation 600 includes a base 602, a float frame 604 attached to the base 602, a cover 606 of the float frame attached to the float frame 604, and a base 608 of the float frame attached to the other end of the float frame 604. Below the cover 606 of the float frame, an axle piston rod 610 is connected in axial direction connected thereto, as well as a plurality of piston bearings 612. A piston 614 is located on the other side of the piston rod 610 and the piston bearings 612. A float unit 616 is disposed between the piston 614 and the base 608 of the float frame, having float block walls 618 extending in the direction of the float frame cover 606. The float unit 616, the walls 618 of the float unit and the piston 614 form a piston chamber 620 inside.

A float unit 818 having predetermined buoyancy is located inside the frame 804. A piston rod 820 is attached to the lower end of the float unit 818 and is located on its axis. The piston housing 810 includes a piston housing cover 812 and a piston housing base 814. The ballast portion 816 of the piston housing is connected to the piston housing 810 in its lower part. The motor 376 is connected to the gearbox 378 so that when the motor 376 is driven, the gearbox 378 rotates in a clockwise or counterclockwise direction. The pump may further comprise a float unit configured to move in a first direction and a second direction in accordance with the movement of the waves; and a piston attached to the float unit and located inside the piston chamber, the float unit translationally moving the piston when the float unit moves in the first direction and the second direction, and the piston moves inside the piston chamber, causing the flow of working fluid when the float unit moves in the second direction and causing ejection of the working fluid when the float unit moves in the first direction.

In this case, the pump is configured to push the working fluid into the first tank in the case of waves with the first dimensions and push the working fluid into the second tank in the case of waves with the second dimensions. When the float pump is configured to pump air, the piston surface area is increased to compensate for air compressibility in order to achieve similar results. For example, the float unit 114 ‘can be made or adjusted so as to increase the height of the base 104’a (h 1 ) and the corresponding diameter in order to perceive waves having a large wave height (W H ) in the manner described below. For example, base 102 in the example described above or another storage location may be used to store compressed gas.

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500. Musculos de la espalda dolor . The buoyancy of the float unit 510 may be controlled by the method described above. Table 4 shows the average wave height for January and February, and then for the whole year (the rest of the data for March-December 2001 are available on the website mentioned above). For example, FIG. 3E shows the base 370 of the float unit in a tapered position when the diameter is D1. Thus, the float pump installation 100 is driven by sequentially and cyclically sucking gas into the piston chamber 122, compressing the gas inside the piston chamber 122 and pushing the gas from the piston chamber 122 to the base 102. The piston 120 further compresses the gas stored in the base 102, with each cycle until the float unit 114 can overcome the pressure of the stored gas in the discharge line 130. From now on, the float unit 114 will no longer rise relative to the waves.

FIGS. 40-43 are views of an assembly as well as subassemblies and parts of a float pump in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention. The dimensions of the float pump unit 100 and the operation of this float pump unit 100 with respect to the amount of energy in a wave or swell can be determined by several factors. The wave has a specific wave height W H and a period W P as it passes through the float pump unit 100. Accordingly, the float pump unit 100 has a piston stroke Ps, which is performed by a piston moving over one full period of the wave Wp. And finally, other systems are unable to use the full energy generated during wave formation, i.e. On the other hand of the operating range, when the float pump unit 100 starts operating at maximum pressure in the discharge line 130 and the discharge valve 130, most of the float unit 114 will essentially be immersed in the water in which the float pump unit 100 is located.

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Similarly, the smaller the float unit, the less potential energy is available to receive energy from water. Como tratar el dolor muscular . These waves transmit energy through matter in any state. 0054) The float cylinder 104 has a predetermined length. 4 feet (1,219 m) (difference between levels ebb and flow)) to a full length of the float cylinder 21 feet (6.401 m). Accordingly, this float cylinder should have a height of 17 feet and 7 feet (2.134 m) of effective travel. In one embodiment of the present invention, the first and second tanks may be installed ashore. Such structures could be fixed or essentially fixed, or could contain a buoyancy tank, a platform-type structure, or direct attachment of a float pump unit 100 to the ocean floor. The components of the float pump installation 100 must be operable in a salty environment such as the ocean. 4A to the position at its depression (T) in FIG.

In an orbital wave, particles move along orbital trajectories. 12.8 ft 3.