US6798090B2 – Electrical Power Generation By Coupled Magnets – Google Patents

Mantén los pies a la distancia de las caderas y flexiona las rodillas lentamente, deslizando la espalda por la pared. X Fuente de investigación – Ponte de pie a unos metros de la pared con la espalda apoyada. Haz sentadillas en la pared para fortalecer los cuádriceps. Si tienes dolor en las piernas, en especial alrededor de la rodilla, el problema podría ser la falta de fuerza en los cuádriceps.

  1. Con un poco de esfuerzo se deben elevar la cabeza y espalda como si el objetivo fuera sentarse
  2. Sosteniendo la cabeza en un ángulo inusual
  3. Objetos extraños que se han sido tragados o inhalados
  4. Sensación de dolor intensa, palpitante o pulsátil
  5. Sobrecorrección restitutiva: el sujeto debe restaurar el daño que ha hecho

Acupuntura sistêmica(aula) Cuando se sienta demasiado fácil, sujeta mancuernas en las manos como desafío adicional. Las sentadillas en la pared son un ejercicio simple que puedes hacer en cualquier lugar; todo lo que necesitas es un espacio abierto para apoyarte sobre una pared. Baja hasta que los muslos estén perpendiculares con respecto a la pared y paralelos con respecto al piso, asegurándote de que las rodillas estén directamente sobre los tobillos y no sobresalgan sobre los dedos de los pies. Mantén la posición por más tiempo de forma gradual hasta que puedas hacerlo cómodamente por 60 segundos. Trabaja hasta completar 10 repeticiones de 60 segundos. A float, deployed on the fluid surface, is attached to the generating device when the housing is submerged within the fluid. Within the passage 26 there are seen several devices of any suitable kind previously described, comprising respective bodies 1 held on cantilever arms 3 from fixed mounts 4. Further arrays of such devices may be provided at circumferentially spaced intervals around the interior of the annular passage 26. Figure 11 illustrates a divergent-convergent fitting 26 similar to the fitting 22 with a central section of increased diameter as compared to the pipe lengths 23 and 24 to which it is fitted and in which four power harvesting devices comprising bodies 1 and cantilever arms 3 are supported from two fixed mounts 4 extending chordwise of the fitting.

Dolor Espalda Media

7b, but with two of the successive magnets 56 and 58 having a common rather than an opposed polarity vector. However devices according to the invention are not restricted to such application and may be found more generally useful for power generation by interaction with a wide variety of fluids flowing e.g. Dolor muscular en pectoral . Improved performance may be derived from the device of Figure 7 if the magnet 15 is suspended within the chamber between a pair of springs (not shown) and the magnet/spring system is tuned so as to resonate within the chamber at the same frequency as but in opposite phase to the resonance of the body 1/arm 3 system. If the fluid within which the device of Figure 6 operates has a ferrous content then there can be a build up of debris on the magnetised body 1 , adversely affecting the performance of the device. With reference to Figure 1 , the illustrated embodiment of the invention comprises a cylindrical body 1 supported to lie within the central region of the interior of a pipe 2 located in a downhole region of an oil or gas well, and with the axis of the cylinder 1 substantially perpendicular to the axis of the pipe.

In accordance with known fluid dynamic principles, when the body 1 is subjected to a flow of fluid through the pipe 2 within a certain Reynolds number range, notionally indicated by the arrow F in Figure 1 , vortices will tend to be shed regularly in an alternating fashion from the upper and lower (as viewed) sides of the body, establishing a so-called Karman vortex trail as notionally indicated at v in Figure 1. The corresponding alternating dynamic loading on the body 1 will tend to cause the latter to oscillate in the vertical (as viewed) plane as notionally indicated by the arrows X1 with consequent flexure of the cantilever arm support constituted by blade 3. Flexure of the blade 3 will stress each piezoelectric patch 5 alternately in compression and tension, in opposite phase to each other, thereby generating electric charges from the patches in pulses corresponding to the oscillation of the body 1/blade 3 system.

Devices according to the invention are predicated upon the well-known fluid dynamic phenomenon of regular vortex shedding which is exhibited when a blunt object, such as a cylinder or the like, is placed crosswise to a fluid flow of appropriate Reynolds 5 number. A plurality of anchors, positioned on the fluid floor, are attached to the housing so that the housing may be positioned proximate the fluid surface for creating a shoaling effect when a plurality of systems are deployed on the fluid surface. 7a exceed the maximum voltages for the systems of FIGS. Under this condition, of course, its amplitude will be at a maximum and so the generation of electricity from the device can likewise be maximised. In particular the adverse conditions experienced downhole generally make it unfeasible to employ conventional fluid-powered generation methods based on turbines or any other devices which depend on rotating or otherwise moving parts with mechanical 0 bearings, linkages or other such interfaces.

Such a device can be structurally very simple, and in particular need not require any rotating parts or like mechanical interfaces, making it a suitable candidate for power 10 generation downhole. Electrical leads (not shown) connect each patch 5 to an external circuit from which an associated battery or capacitor can be charged for powering downhole instrumentation or other electrical equipment. Powering this 0 equipment through conductors from the surface is difficult and expensive, in view of the very long lengths of cabling that may be required and the aggressive conditions which exist downhole, where breakage or damage to the conductors or their insulation at some point along their length is a serious risk. 4 extending across and rigidly attached to the inside of the pipe 2. Both the upper and lower (as viewed) surfaces of the blade 3 are covered along most of its length with patches of piezoelectric material 5. In principle any suitable form of piezoelectric ceramic or polymer material may be employed, although one which has been found to perform well in tests of a device of this kind is a piezoelectric macro fibre composite (MFC) patch comprising many individual ceramic fibres bonded between thin polyimide sheets.

Dolor Muscular Antebrazo

This again shows a device comprising the body 1, blade 3 and fixed mount 4 installed in a pipe 2. In this case, however, there are stacks of piezoelectric discs 12 disposed on opposite sides of the blade 3 in parallel to the pipe 2. An elliptical spring metal ring 13 surrounds each piezoelectric stack 12 with the respective stack extending along the longer axis of the respective ellipse and firmly attached thereto at its opposite ends. In this example a fitting 22 is installed between two pipe lengths 23 and 24. The fitting 22 has a central passage 25 of similar bore to the pipes 23/24, surrounded by an annular passage 26 through which a proportion of the flow passing into the fitting is diverted as indicated by the arrows in the Figure.

5,818,132, a moving magnet is confined to a bi-directional linear or near-linear motion through each of at least two mutually spaced coils for providing power in applications such as long-life flashlights, alarm systems, communication devices located at places where conventional electric power sources are unavailable, and for relatively high power repetitive forces such as the forces on the heel of a shoe during walking or running. Since the electrical output of a piezoelectric material is generally proportional to the level of induced stress but such materials exhibit relatively small strain rates even under high forces, it may be advantageous in a device according to the invention, which utilises piezoelectric energy conversion, to employ some form of mechanical linkage between the oscillating body/support system and the piezoelectric material which converts the relatively high displacement/low force motion of the former to a relatively low displacement/high force action applied to the latter. A system for converting fluid surface wave energy into electrical energy.

Dolor De Oidos

Vertical motion of the surface waves produce vertical motion of the float, which turns and powers the electrical generating device. Dolor de espalda baja en las primeras semanas de embarazo . Apparatus comprising a damping plate according to any of claims 1-6, a float (10) intended to lie along the surface of a body of water and designed to move in-phase with the waves present in the body of water, and further comprising a spar-like float, wherein said spar-like float (20) is intended to extend vertically, generally perpendicular to the float (10) and the surface of the body of water, said spar-like float (20) extending below the surface of the body of water and intended to move vertically up and down out-of-phase with the waves; and further including a power take off device (PTO) (100), connected between the spar- like float (20) and the float (10), responsive to their relative motion to convert the relative motion to useful energy. Figure 9 illustrates a further variant of the device of Figure 7 where in this case the magnet 15 is replaced by a stack of magnets 19 (or a single multipole magnet) presenting an alternating series of poles along opposite sides of the stack.

Dolor Neuropatico Herpes

In a particular embodiment equal numbers of magnets and coils, having substantially equal lengths and spacings along a common axis, are employed. A pair of permanent magnets 62 and 64 are coupled to each other by a magnetic rod 66 to move in tandem, with the magnets oriented in magnetic opposition to each other. FIG. 7a is a trace of the voltage generated with a five magnet system similar to that used to generate the trace of FIG. Figure 6 illustrates another embodiment of a power harvesting device according to the invention, where in this case electrical energy is generated by electromagnetic induction. The system includes an electrical generating device, positioned in a waterproof housing, for producing electrical energy. Other measures to ensure that resonance occurs within the device over a range of different flow rates could include a form of adaptive control of the natural frequency of the body/support system.

Dolores Musculares Causas

Remedios caseros para el dolor de cabeza - Dolores de.. In the case of a cylindrical body it is known that the frequency of vortex shedding is directly proportional to the flow velocity and inversely proportional to the diameter of the body. In practice it is likely that a multiplicity of devices according to the invention will be installed to collectively meet the power demands of downhole equipment. The behaviour in multiphase gas, oil and water was more intermittent and transient but most of the dynamic behaviour of the devices still occurred at the respective natural frequency.

Depending on the prevailing conditions and the type and location of the well, flows 0 may be encountered comprising oil, gas, water, steam or mixtures of the same in multiple phases. V2/R, where V is the induced voltage and R is the coil resistance. Comienza por mantener la posición por 30 segundos. Luego, párate para liberar la tensión.