US10060473B2 – Energy Conversion Systems And Methods – Google Patents

6, the magnets 436 and 441 may be substantially arranged in a Halbach type array (i.e., a rotating pattern of permanent magnets, wherein the arrows demonstrate the orientation of each magnet’s magnetic field). In various exemplary embodiments, the array of magnets may be a Halbach array. 11, the magnetic bearing mechanism comprising the bearing mechanisms 115 and 125 may further be configured to substantially maintain a relative axial positioning of the rotatable structure 110 and the stationary structure 120. For example, the magnetic field between the bearing mechanisms 115 and 125 may be sufficient to substantially prevent movement of either the rotatable structure 110 and/or the stationary structure 120 in the axial direction as a result of the force associated with the fluid current FC (e.g., the thrust of the fluid current) acting thereon. The system may further include at least one blade member mounted to and extending radially outward from the rotatable structure, the at least one blade member being configured to interact with fluid currents flowing in a direction substantially parallel to the axis of rotation to cause the rotatable structure to rotate about the axis of rotation, and at least one bearing mechanism disposed to provide at least one of a radial and axial bearing between the rotatable structure and the stationary structure as the rotatable structure rotates about the stationary structure.

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The Attraction of Pink In accordance with an exemplary embodiment, the present teachings contemplate an energy conversion system that may include a stationary structure, and a rotatable structure configured to rotate relative to the stationary structure, wherein the rotatable structure defines an axis of rotation. Pat. No. 7,453,166, incorporated by reference herein, for examples of various techniques that may be used to convert the rotational movement of a structure to other useful forms of energy. The system may be configured to convert rotation of the rotatable structure to at least one of electricity and hydrogen production. Such bearing mechanisms may be used to provide constraint (or additional constraint) in one or both of the radial direction and the axial direction of the energy conversion systems to stabilize the relative position and/or movement of the rotational structure and the stationary structure. Additional challenges may arise from such energy conversion systems’ reliance on relative rotational movement of components to produce energy.

Dolor Muscular Antebrazo

In various embodiments of the present teachings, for example, one or more magnetic bearing mechanisms may be provided to substantially maintain the relative position, in an axial direction, of the rotatable structure and the stationary structure. In one exemplary embodiment, the bearing mechanisms 115 mounted on the rotatable structure 110 may comprise an array of magnets and the bearing mechanisms 125 mounted to the stationary structure 120 may comprise a conductive coil. That is, the bearing mechanisms 115 and 125 may be configured to establish a magnetic field therebetween by virtue of the relative movement of the rotatable structure 110 and the stationary structure 120. By way of example, one of the bearing mechanisms 115 and 125 may comprise an array of magnets and the other of the bearing mechanisms 115 and 125 may comprise one or more conductors, (e.g., a conductive coil or a linear conductive member). For example, the surface tension and viscosity of the fluid and the relative motion of the rotatable and stationary structures 110 and 120 may cause a thin film of fluid that maintains the axial and radial positioning of the rotatable structure 110 relative to the stationary structure 120 (e.g., in the embodiment of FIG.

Tipos De Dolor De Cabeza

As would be understood by those ordinarily skilled in the art, when the magnet array (i.e., magnets 446) on the rotatable structure 410 is displaced by a displacement D with respect to the magnet array (i.e., magnets 451) on the stationary structure 420, radial air gap fields provide an axial restoring force. 4-17, for example, in at least one exemplary embodiment, roller bearing mechanisms may be used to provide a radial bearing for the system and magnetic bearing mechanisms (e.g., magnetic levitation bearing mechanisms) may be used to provide an axial bearing for the system. Those having ordinary skill in the art also will appreciate that various features disclosed with respect to one exemplary embodiment herein may be used in combination with other exemplary embodiments with appropriate modifications, even if such combinations are not explicitly disclosed herein.

Dolor Espalda Media

While many such energy conversion systems employ blades or similar structures mounted to a central rotating shaft, other systems utilize a shaftless configuration with the blades being supported by other means. Moreover, blades may extend radially outward from, radially inward toward, or both radially outward and radially inward toward a center of the open-center energy conversion system.

Dolores Musculares En Los Brazos

In exemplary embodiments of the present teachings, the length and size of the blades can vary greatly since they are mounted to a rotatable structure that is disposed at a distance from the center of rotation of the device which offers increased stability compared to a central shaft. In various exemplary embodiments, the blade members may be fixed or adjustable relative to the rotatable structure. In various exemplary embodiments wherein the bearing mechanisms 115 and 125 comprise a magnet and an electrical conductor, one or more of the sets of bearing mechanisms 115 and 125 also may be configured to generate electricity upon relative motion of the bearing mechanisms 115 and 125 in a manner known to those ordinarily skilled in the art. Further, in a manner similar to that described above, one or more sets of bearing mechanisms 115 and 125 depicted in FIG.

FIG. Dolor de espalda arriba de la cintura . 14, for example, illustrates the magnetization field plot for the magnetic bearings (i.e., the permanent magnetic array and steel-C core) of FIG. The number, shape, spacing, size, magnetic field strength, displacement and other properties of the bearing mechanisms 445 and 450 may be selected based on various factors such as the size and weight of the rotatable and stationary structures 410, 420, the required restoring and bearing forces, and other factors based on the desired application. The arrangement of the sets of bearing mechanisms also may vary based on such factors. This is true regardless of the type of the remaining bearing mechanisms (e.g., whether those sets comprise magnetic bearing mechanisms and/or fluid bearing mechanisms) that are utilized. 4 may include one or more sets of passive mechanical bearings, such as for example, conventional sealed roller bearings 416 (a plurality of sets being depicted in the exemplary embodiment of FIGS.

Tipos De Dolor

Those having ordinary skill in the art would understand how to modify the exemplary embodiments depicted in the figures such that the bearing mechanisms associated with only one of the stationary or the rotatable structures. Likewise, for hydrostatic or hydrodynamic bearing mechanisms, bearing elements with a fluidized pressure source may be provided on only one of the structures and be sufficient to support and center the other structure during relative rotation of the structures. 4) a stationary structure 420. Dolor a los costados de la espalda . The blade members 430 are configured and positioned relative to the rotatable structure 410 such that fluid currents may interact with the blade members 430 to cause the rotatable structure 410 with the blade members 430 carried thereby to rotate in a manner with which those ordinarily skilled in the art are familiar. Accordingly, the rotatable structure and the stationary structure may comprise various shapes and/or configurations.

Tipos De Dolor Oms

1, the blade members 130 may be configured to interact with fluid currents FC having a component moving in a direction substantially perpendicular to the plane of the drawing sheet. However, energy conversion systems may include blade members that extend only radially outwardly or only radially inwardly. INTRODUCTION The section headings used herein are for organizational purposes only and are not to be construed as limiting the subject matter described in any way. In various exemplary embodiments, fluid sources other than the fluid in which the system is submerged may be used.