As noted above, the gimbal comprises a first planar frame 36 which include four leg or strut sections 38, 40, 42 and 44 arranged in a substantially square configuration. Preferably, four equally-spaced vanes 30 are connected to the buoy 16, with opposed vanes having symmetrical cross sectional configurations. The gimbal also includes a second planar frame 56 which is pivotally mounted to the buoyant body 14 for rotational movement about a second axis perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the first frame 36. The second frame 56 includes four leg or strut sections 58, 60, 62 and 64, which are arranged in a planar square configuration. A gyroscope is mounted to the first frame for rotation about a third axis perpendicular to the front and second axes. 4, there is illustrated means, denoted in general by reference number 71, for unidirectionally coupling the first frame 36 to one of the generators, such as generator 94, such that only rotation of the first frame 36 in a first direction, i.e., counter-clockwise, will be transmitted to the generator motor to produce usable electrical current.
Therefore, any rocking motion of the buoyant body 14 produces necessarily relative motions between first frame 36 and second frame 56 that are rectified by means of the ratchet couplings 71 and yield one complete revolution of the output shaft for several oscillation cycles. Such devices suffer from several defects which, in all probability, have limited their successful commercial use. Further, all of the operative components of the mechanism of the present invention, both mechanical and electrical, are hermetically sealed within a domed housing mounted on the buoyant body so as to be protected from corrosive effects of sea water. The upper portion of the buoy 16 is formed in a flat planar base configuration 32 which acts as a platform or mounting base for a gyro-wave energy transducer, shown generally by reference number 34. A sealing means 35 in the form of a domed housing is hermetically and releasably mounted to the base portion 32 of the buoy 16 to protect the gyro-wave energy transducer 34 mounted therein from the harsh and debilitating effects of salt water.
Dolores Musculares En Los Brazos
9, there is shown a partial, enlarged view of one of the identically constructed translating means, such as translating means 194. As shown therein, the translating means 194 comprises a circular housing having a thin outer wall 197 which is secured to one leg 198 of the second frame 158. An inner cylindrical member 200 is concentrically disposed within the outer circular member 197 and is fixedly secured to one leg 202 of the first frame 156. A plurality of resilient, planar members 204 extend between the inner and outer cylindrical members 197 and 200 and are joined thereto at their opposed ends. The rotations of the output shafts 82, having centerlines that coincide with the pivotal axis of the first frame 36, revolve the generator rotor element relative to the generator housing element or stator that is embedded in the second frame 56. This action generates electrical current.
First and second switches 132 are connected to the output of the differentiator 130. The first switch 132 is responsive to the output of the differentiator 130 when the rate of change of the output current from the generator 94 is decreasing or is less than zero and is operative to connect the generator of the motor/generator unit 50 to the gyroscope 46 to extract kinetic energy therefrom so as to decrease the angular velocity of the gyroscope 46. This has the effect of reducing the time rate of change of the current to zero which is an indication of maximum power generation. Dolor de espalda ala altura de los pulmones . Means are coupled to the gyroscope for maintaining the gyroscope at a controlled rotational velocity and comprise a motor/generator unit secured to the first frame. Electrical generating means 162 and 164 in the form of first and second electrical generators are operatively coupled to the gimbal for generating electrical power in response to rotational movement of one of the first and second frames 156 and 158. In this embodiment, first and second electrical generators 166 and 168 are fixedly mounted to the platform of the buoyant body 154. In addition, first and second unidirectional coupling means 170 and 172, each of which is identically constructed as that described above and illustrated in FIG.
Finally, means are provided which are responsive to the time rate of change of current produced by the generating means and are operatively coupled to the means for maintaining the rotational velocity of the gyroscope in order to maintain maximum power output from the generating means. In this mode, the second switch 132 energizes the motor of the motor/generator unit 50 so as to increase the angular velocity of the gyroscope 46 and reduce the time rate of change of the current to zero, again indicating maximum power output. Means 48 are provided for maintaining the gyroscope 46 at a controlled rotational velocity. If the buoyant body 14 rocks about the pivotal axis of the first frame 36, the second frame 56 is urged by reaction forces at pillow blocks 66 and 68 to oscillate relative to the first frame 36. The generator moments drag the first frame 36 in its path, causing the gyroscope 46 to precess about the pivotal axis of the first frame, the result of which is a rotational motion of the second frame 56 about its pivotal axis and thereby compressing and extending springs 108. This is called mode two.
Dolor Muscular Piernas
Since the function of the gyro-wave energy transducer 152 is identical to that described above for the gyro-wave energy transducer 34 and differs only in its construction, only a detailed description of the differences between the two gyro-wave energy transducers will be set forth below. Rocking motions of the buoyant body 14 about any other axis will result in motion configurations of the gyro-wave energy transducer 34 that are combinations of the two oscillation modes as discussed above. Although the buoyant body 14 has been illustrated and described in one embodiment of consisting of a floatable buoy 16, other types of buoyant bodies are also suited for use in the present invention and include barges or other floatable water craft as will be described in greater detail hereafter. Such prior art devices generally include valves which are responsive to the hydraulic movements of the waves and which drive piston and crank reciprocating mechanisms.
Means, responsive to the relative rotation of the first and second frames, is operatively connected to the gimbal for generating electrical power in response to rotational movement thereof. The second switch 132 is responsive to the time rate of change of the generator output current when such rate of change is increasing or is greater than zero. As shown in greater detail in FIG. FIG. Dolor lumbar y abdominal . 9 is a partial, enlarged view of the transferring means, shown generally in FIG. Electrical power storage means 102 in the form of a storage battery is mounted on the buoyant body 14 as shown in FIG. FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the gyro-wave energy transducer shown generally in FIG.
FIG. 10 is a partial, enlarged perspective view of another embodiment of the gyro-wave energy transducer. 8, there is illustrated a mechanism 150 for generating power from wave motion occurring on a body of water constructed according to the teachings of another embodiment of the present invention. Finally, the size and number of the gyro-energy transducers of the present invention which may be incorporated into a single unit are limited only by the type of floating support or buoyant body and can be adapted to any requirement relative to location in the seas and power applications. Finally, it would be desirable to provide a mechanism for generating power from wave energy in which internal energy losses are limited only to those commonly encountered in gear transmissions and bearings. 1 and 2 in particular, there is illustrated a mechanism 10 for generating power from wave motion on a body of water 12, such as an ocean.
Tipos De Dolor
The buoyant body 14 is also adapted for pivotal or rocking movement in response to waves impinging upon the surface thereof along one or more particular axes. The buoyant body 14 in one embodiment is in the form of a floatable buoy 16 which has an exponentially curved shape. The buoyant body may be in the form of a floatable buoy having a plurality of circumferentially spaced, hydrofoil-shaped vanes which extend outward therefrom to intercept the waves.
Dolor De Espalda
Furthermore, although means for anchoring the buoyant body in one position has been described, it will be understood that the mechanism 10 of the present invention functions in the same manner even if free floating, i.e., not anchored in one position. Thus, if the buoyant body 14 rocks about an axis, parallel to the centerline of shafts 70 and 72, the second frame is urged by the forces of springs 108 to follow the buoy’s pendulum motion, thereby urging the first frame 36 to follow likewise and forcing a precession of the gyroscope 46 about the pivotal axis of the first frame 36 causing the frame 36 to rotate relative to the second frame 56. Dolor de rodilla al flexionar la pierna . This is called mode one. This latter phenomenon has generated particular interest among scientists because of the enormous total potential inherent in wave energy and, also, since waves are a continuing, non-depletable phenomenon.
Dolor Neuropático Que Es
8. As this embodiment of the present invention differs only slightly from that illustrated in FIG. Referring briefly to FIG. FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the mechanism illustrated in FIG. In a second embodiment, illustrated in FIG. Means, associated with one of the first and second frames, is provided for transferring torque of one of the first and second frames to the gyroscope about an axis perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the gyroscope which results in rotational movement of the other of the first and second frames.
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In general, the gyro-wave energy transducer 152 includes a gimbal comprising a first frame 156 and a second frame 158. The first frame 156 is pivotally connected to the second frame 158 and is adapted for rotational movement about a first axis. The vanes 30 convert the energy of the waves into kinetic energy of the buoy 16 and cause it to move in pendulum-like motions. Previously devised wave energy devices were operative to convert only certain forms of wave motion into energy. For one, the pistons, turbine wheels and numerous valve mechanisms used in such devices cause substantial energy losses which reduce the overall efficiency of such wave energy devices. In today’s energy starved world extensive efforts are being made to produce energy, and in particular to electrical power, from naturally occurring phenomena, such as power obtained from solar energy, wind energy and ocean wave energy.