Using water as the fluid, in the first case, replenishment can be accomplished by directing the fluid from a source of free flowing water having a head pressure greater than that needed to raise the level of fluid in the outer tanks to the upper extremity of the outer tanks, while in the second case, a pressure vessel is used to cause the fluid to refill the outer tanks to requisite levels. When the level of the water in the outer tanks 10 a and 10 b are equal, valve 38 b closes simultaneously with the opening of valve 38 c, thereby allowing water, remaining in tank 10 a after equalization of the level of water in tanks 10 a and 10 b, to continue to drain out of tank 10 a.
The evacuation of water from outer tank 10 b at a rate faster than the inner tank 20 b can fall permits the tethered inner tank 20 b to cause rotation of the rotatable shaft 30. Upon equalization of the water in tanks 10 b and 10 c, valve 38 c closes simultaneously with the opening of valve 38 a. Each of the tanks is preferably substantially identical to one another, and may be formed from metal, concrete or plastic, depending on the application, and/or the site conditions, of the energy generating apparatus. The fluid in the outer containers is introduced thereinto and removed therefrom in accordance with preselected parameters and in such a manner that, when the level of fluid in a first one of the outer containers is substantially at the top of the container, the level of fluid in a second outer container is substantially smaller, e.g., at the bottom of thereof, and the level of fluid in the remaining outer containers is at levels other than and between the substantially filled top level and the substantially smaller “bottom” level.
2, in which the water is provided by a pressurized source, operation of the apparatus entails first preparing the tanks by filling the outer tank 10 a with water almost to the top of the tank so that the buoyant inner tank 20 a floats on the water within the outer tank 10 a, filling the second outer tank 10 b partly with water so that the buoyant tank 20 b floats within tank 10 b at that level, and leaving the outer tank 10 c substantially empty with the buoyant tank 20 c resting on the bottom of outer tank 10 c.
Dolor Espalda Y Abdomen
While FIG. 1 shows a configuration with three tanks situated in a row or array 80, it is to be understood that a principal aim of this invention is to provide continuous generation of electricity using any number of tank assemblies (it is to be understood that each tank assembly includes an inner tank and an outer tank, with associated pipes and valves) in an array 80, as long as there are at least two tank assemblies.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention provides an apparatus and method for extracting energy through the generation of work from kinetic energy of bodies that are constrained for “controlled” (i.e., tethered) free-fall motion. Various elements similar to those detailed above, that is any elements composed of an outer tank and a buoyant inner tank, may be arranged in a battery configuration, with all of them acting in concert on the rotating shaft through a respective clutch mechanism associated with each tank. In any event, it would be anticipated that due to hydrodynamic considerations, complimentary shapes for the tanks would be chosen to prevent any excessive water turbulence between the outer tanks 10 a, 10 b, 10 c and the inner tanks 20 a, 20 b, 20 c which could adversely affect the efficiency of the operation of the electrical generator. Upon equalization of the level of water in tanks 10 a and 10 c, valve 38 a closes simultaneously with the opening of valve 38 b to allow the level of water within tanks 10 c and 10 b to equalize.
Dolores Musculares Generalizados
Upon equalization of tanks 10 c and 10 b, valve 38 b closes and valve 54 opens simultaneously allowing the remaining water in tank 10 c to drain into the discharge outlet. Fluid transfer pipes 34 a, 34 b, 34 c extend from the lower end regions of adjacent tanks 10 a, 10 b, 10 c to interconnecting pipes 36 extending between and coupling the fluid transfer pipes 34 a, 34 b, 34 c. Valves 46 a, 46 b, 46 c are provided in the conduits 104 a, 104 b, 104 c upstream of the fluid transfer pipes 34 a, 34 b, 34 c, respectively, and valves 38 a, 38 b, 38 c are provided in the conduits 104 a, 104 b, 104 c downstream of the fluid transfer pipes 34 a, 34 b, 34 c, respectively to allow selective cut-off of the flow of fluid from the outer containers 10 a, 10 b, 10 c throughout the cycles of operation as described below.
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Upon initiating operation of the apparatus (i.e., at the start of cycle I), valves 38 a and 38 b are opened simultaneously to allow water within tanks 10 a and 10 b to equalize (i.e., to reach the same level). Cycle II starts with the simultaneous opening of valves 38 b and 38 c. This position now sets the inner tank 20 c for the beginning of cycle III while continuing to completion of cycle II. This position now sets the stage for the beginning of cycle I, as previously described, while continuing through the end of cycle III. By allowing the water to be evacuated from tank 10 c at a rate of speed greater than the falling buoyant inner tank 20 c, the kinetic energy of inner tank 20 c as it descends is effectively harnessed to drive the rotatable shaft 30 in rotation This is accomplished through the connection of the inner tank 20 c to the clutch 32 c via tether 22 c.