The table 1 of this report provides the summary of the water power energy of the U.S., has shown to bow/high power and all low power sources, comprises unconventional and miniature water power source, and the power that can obtain about 47000MW is used for gathering.Effectively gather these energy can make at present the energy that only produces by the water source in the U.S.
Referring to Fig. 7 and 8, the fluid stream 190 along passage 195 of direction shown in the arrow causes Magnus rotor 105 upwards to raise towards bearing 170, make framework 169 rotate along the direction that makes progress towards bearing 115 around pivot 173 thus, this framework 169 comprises rotor bearing 170 and rotor supporting-seat-arm 175.Framework 169 makes the leading edge (making progress) of framework rotate towards bearing 115 around the rotation of pivot 173, and the trailing edge (downwards) that correspondingly causes framework simultaneously is along the direction rotation away from bearing.Counterweight 165 is connected on the rotor bearing 170 by pin 155 and cable 150.Counterweight 165 utilizes the method for contending with, but can adopt any suitable balance method.Cable 150 is guided in pulley 145 and 146, and described pulley rotatably is installed on the supporting structure, and this supporting structure is connected on barge, the floating platform etc.
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Magnus rotor 205 is driven around the axle rotation that remains in the bearing 280 by motor 220, this motor 220 have small gear 225 on the live axle that is connected to motor, with 275 and Magnus rotor 205 on driving pinion 226.This motor 220 drives Magnus rotor 205, thereby sufficient rotation is provided, to produce lift when fluid stream 290 is concentrated by passage 295.Fluid concentrating by irritate the influent stream body towards Magnus rotor 205 in passage 295 makes fluid stream quicken, and increases lift thus. Magnus rotor 105 is driven around the axle rotation that remains in the bearing 180 by motor 120, this motor 120 have small gear 125 on the live axle that is connected to motor, with 175 and Magnus rotor 105 on driving pinion 126.This motor 120 drives Magnus rotor 105, thereby sufficient rotation is provided, to produce lift when fluid stream 190 is concentrated by passage 195.Fluid concentrating by irritate the influent stream body towards Magnus rotor 105 in passage 195 makes fluid stream quicken, and increases lift thus.
Fisioterapia Querétaro Calendarios
Figure 23 shows the block diagram of hydraulic energy harvester, and it is designed for sets up pipe-line system, and this harvester one side is by the pipe-line system transferring electric power. Lift can be sent in the mechanical system, and for example, it can be sent to generator by live axle or similar means.This lift also can be utilized to drive reciprocator. Being input to electric power catches the increase of the power of gear-box and generator 185 and means and can drive bigger generator.The amount of power of catching the input of gear-box and generator 185 as electric power can be realized by embodiment described herein by changing various variablees.For example, from Fig. Being input to electric power catches the increase of the power of gear-box and generator 285 and means and can drive bigger generator.The amount of power of catching the input of gear-box and generator 285 as electric power can be realized by embodiment described herein by changing various variablees.For example, from Fig.
Figure 16 and 17 has shown unsteady twin hull ship device.But, the invention is not restricted to adopt unsteady twin hull ship, because can adopt the bed of any kind.According to energy acquisition assembly 405 of the present invention, the energy acquisition machine of describing at above-mentioned any embodiment for example is installed between two pontoons of twin hull ship or hull 626,628 and extends, and perpendicular to the stream orientation that flows shown in arrow 630.Assembly 405 be installed in water 622 the surface under, make the sinking of whole assembly.Current process assembly 405, and produce electric power as mentioned above. A kind of method of novelty is to adopt Magnus effect to produce electric power, Magnus rotor energy acquisition machine is placed on the fluid circuit that is used for building or other structures, for example in plumbing drain, roof drainage pipeline or other fluid bearings systems.The energy acquisition machine can pass the fluid drives of fluid handling system by motion.
Developed the Pneumatic drive system that adopts turbine blade.But these systems adopt the blade of high speed rotating usually.The blade existing problems of these rotations are because any big foreign matter that this system runs into can damage blade, damages the structural integrity of this system thus.When this system utilizes air stream, when for example using in the turbine blade aircraft, bird strike can cause the blade severe impairment of rotating, just as stone or other fragments are not intended to or deliberately are injected in the rotation blade.When this system was water system, injecting of the fragment in plant and animal waterborne and the water route (for example wooden piece) also can cause infringement. In view of the problem relevant with the standing state of fluid flow energy harvester, consider the demand of the increase of industrial electric power, need a kind of system, it can not damage plant and animal, and can be incorporated in the environment, can not disturb natural flows, perhaps hinder the bottom that most of sunlight arrives water body.Also need environmental protection, quiet, efficient and simple energy acquisition machine, it can bowed and hang down under the condition that flows and operate.
But, although there is the aforementioned techniques effort, do not have known system can from bow/high power and low-power source for example morning and evening tides and/or river produce electric power, and can produce continuously under the flox condition that changes. For identical area of contour and flowing velocity, the lift that the rotor (Magnus rotor) of experience Magnus effect can produce is ten times of propeller cavitation.Than determining that wherein, U is the speed of the outer surface of roller segment, because roller segment rotates on its axis, V is perpendicular to the speed of the approaching fluid of roll axis to the dynamic performance of Magnus rotor by U/V.Rotor rotates under the effect of mechanical force.Because the lift that produces and cylinder bore, rotational speed, length and relevant through the fluid stream of cylinder, the power that cylinder applies can be very big, because the diameter of cylinder, cylinder rotational speed and length increase.Referring to Fig.
- Topografía: descripción de los movimientos específicos implicados (FORMA)
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1, when cylinder C adopts the power mechanical rotation of a small amount of, the cylinder of rotation experience lift L.The sense of rotation ω of cylinder C makes the top (being shown as A) of cylinder move along the direction identical with fluid (fluid moves shown in arrow U) angledly.Positive flow U is represented in rotation to the right, and negative flow U is represented in rotation left.Fluid is guided to cylinder by shunt and baffle plate increased the lift on the cylinder.More specifically, rotary cylinder is gone through lift from flowing through along the fluid of the direction motion of just ” x “, causes cylinder along just ” y ” direction motion.
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Extract electric power by the tooth bar 30 that is connected with framework from operation at the energy acquisition machine 1 that moves upward and move downward of framework 69.When framework 69 (Magnus rotor 5) when being raised, tooth bar 30 is driven, and makes one or more gear rotation, thereby extracts electric power in up stroke.When framework 69 (with Magnus rotor 5) when being lowered, electric power is extracted in one or more gear rotation in downward stroke. As used herein, term ” liquid application ” and ” hydraulic pressure ” are used for describing the application of the electricity energy harvester relevant with liquid, and term ” gas application ” and ” pneumatic ” are used for the application of the statement electricity energy harvester relevant with gas (for example air).
Referring to Fig. 6, show the alternative generator in any embodiment that can be used for the energy acquisition machine.This generator utilization is placed on the magnet 41 on any suitable surface of energy acquisition machine 1.The motion of Magnus rotor 5 makes magnet 41 pass coil 43, produces electric current.This has eliminated the use gear-box and movement conversion is become to rotatablely move, and drives generator, and has therefore increased efficient. Can adopt alternative generator, wherein magnet is placed on the energy acquisition machine 210 of motion and passes coil, produces electric current, as mentioned above.This has eliminated the use gear-box and movement conversion is become to rotatablely move, and drives generator, and has therefore increased efficient. A kind of method of novelty is to adopt Magnus effect to produce to rotatablely move, with the generator of direct rotary driving.This utilization is arranged to a series of Magnus rotors of the form of taking turns or drives rotor with single motor or a series of motor.