FIG. 5 illustrates one type of linear-to-rotary converter, namely a piston-cylinder arrangement, between the vessel hull and a fixed object. On a receding tide, the vessel hull displacement decreases, as the water line on the vessel hull drops down. This allows the vessel hull 11 to almost always be moving either up or down. This can be accomplished by putting an orifice on the output lines 43 of the piston-cylinder, which orifice limits the amount of fluid exiting from the cylinder. For example, from low tide to high tide, the rise in water level typically takes about six hours. Water would be lifted 8 feet or more from the lowest level of the harborage to the drainage area floor, which need only be at low tide level.
If the outlet conduit discharges several miles downstream from the dam, at point B in FIG. This is a distinct advantage over building a dam, which necessarily interferes with the flow of water by virtue of the fact that the water is impounded by the dam. The inlet to the drainage conduit 453 is located below this lowest water level. Water in the harborage 13 drains into the conduit 453 and enters the interior 451 of the bowl. Water from inside the harborage drains into the drainage pond 409. The water level and the vessel in the harborage fall, thereby generating power.
By the time the water from the harborage has emptied into the drainage pond 409, the tide outside of the harborage has risen to tide level 2. The harborage outlet 407 is closed and the harborage inlet 401 is opened. To drain the harborage 13, the harborage is first drained directly into the drainage area 13L, using the vaned outlets 425. The vanes 425 are opened and water in the harborage drains into the drainage area. The inlet 401 and outlets 403, 413 are sized to achieve high flow volumes. The present invention regulates the flow of water into and out of the harborage and allows the vessel 11 to rise and fall several times during a single rising tide, thereby extracting more energy than previously obtainable. Mechanical converters are attached between the movable hull and a fixed object, such as the harborage itself; the converters convert the vertical movement of the hull into mechanical energy such as pressurized fluid, which is used to power various devices such as an electrical generator.
When the water level falls outside of the vessel hull, the vessel hull drops in elevation, along the posts 119 and the piston-cylinder arrangements 31 create pressurized fluid. Parches para el dolor de espalda . There is little or no leakage, or slippage, of the pressurized fluid past the vanes or cups in the impeller, thereby providing a high degree of efficiency. There can be a number of nozzles 463 which extend partially or fully around the bowl perimeter. The base 113 is preferably provided with a lip around the outer periphery thereof.
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A deck or a top is provided on the hull in order to keep rain and water from entering the hull. A drainage area is provided which is larger than the harborage. A conduit 221 has an upper end 223 at a first elevation and a lower end 225 at a second elevation, which is lower than the first elevation. However, for a drainage area above low tide level, a water lift is needed to lift the water out of the lower elevation to the drainage area.
Dolores Musculares Por Ansiedad
For example, in spring tides, the low tides are lower than average, while the high tides are higher than average. The converter 71 is a hydraulic cylinder having two ends 73, 75. One end 73 is pivotally coupled to the vessel hull 11, while the other end 75 is pivotally coupled to a fixed object. The same is true for the other tide levels on the rising and falling tides. The hull can be made of metal, wood, composites (such as fiberglass) or other materials. Dolor de hombro y codo . If the harborage is not deep enough, and there is no bottom wall, the bottom can be dredged out or excavated to increase the depth beneath the hull. A set of gears is located at each end to amplify or increase the rotational speed. 21. Each vessel hull 11 is equipped with one or more piston-cylinders 31, as shown in FIG. The top of the vessel hull can be either open or closed with a deck.
28B shows the vanes in the fully open position. FIG. 17 shows the vessel hull at minimum vertical elevation with the water being discharged therefrom. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention provides a power generator that comprises a harborage with a vessel hull therein. The hydraulic cylinder 71-vessel hull arrangement of FIG. FIG. 29 is a top plan view of an arrangement of the harborages, subject to fluctuating water levels. FIG. 27 is a top plan view of a harborage, in accordance with another embodiment, subject to fluctuating water levels.
28A and 28B, the vanes move between open and closed positions.
FIG. 32 is a side cross-sectional view of the harborage of FIG. 13) or to the vessel hull (shown on the right side of FIG. The inlet 401 can remain open so that as the tide falls, the water level inside of the harborage will also fall by exiting back to the water body 407. The vessel falls as well producing power. Fascia muscular dolor . 28A and 28B, the vanes move between open and closed positions. 13 in various vertical positions. The perimeter of the hull, where the linear-to-rotary converters connect to, can be small relative to this displacement. The stop for limiting the upper movement can be on the exterior of the vessel hull, such as a wall that contacts the upper side of the side walls. The linear-to-rotary converters can be coupled to the bottom of the vessel hull, as shown in FIG. 22) or orifices to slow down the vertical movement of the vessel.
Dolores Musculares Causas
The piston rods 49 of the slave cylinders 44 are attached to the master cylinder plates 45. The cylinders 51 of the slave cylinders 43 are attached to the master cylinder 42. Thus, any movement of the master cylinder also moves the slave cylinders 51 about their fixed slave pistons 53. The master cylinder protects the slave cylinders from the environment and provides some thermal protection. DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The present invention provides a way to extract energy from the rise and fall of the tides as well as water head. By allowing the water to rapidly rise and fall, more energy can be produced over a period of time, as more rise and fall cycles can be made to occur over the course of a day. Neap and spring tides occur over numerous cycles.
For example, a river has a drop in elevation over some distance. Alternatively, the harborage can be located so as be exposed to fresh water, such as along a river. FIG. 4 illustrates a harborage that can be used as a lock. The harborage 13 can be configured to rapidly fill with water and rapidly drain water. When the water in the harborage stops draining at tide level 4, the harborage outlet 403 is closed and the inlet 401 is opened. Initially, at tide level 1, only one inlet may be used to flow water into the harborage and one outlet to the drainage pond. At high tide, the tide is at its peak. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention the water body is subject to tidal activity. Thus, the water can be lifted and returned directly to the water body.
Dolor Neuropatico Herpes
Because the displacement changes, more energy can be extracted from the vertical movement. There can be several discharge ponds, separated from one another by walls or levees. These are optional and allow water to flow on one or both sides of the lock. One such converter is a hydraulic cylinder and piston. 5, in that the master cylinder moves with the hull 11 and the plates 45 and their rods 47 are fixed.
The inlet 401 is opened and the outlet 403 closed to allow the harborage water level to rise.
15-17. FIG. 15 depicts the vessel hull 111 on a rising water level 131. The base 113 and side walls 115 are together and form a water-tight vessel hull. Because the side walls are not positively buoyant, the side walls stay engaged on the base as the water rises. Also, the tides are not constant. The inlet 401 is opened and the outlet 403 closed to allow the harborage water level to rise. The drainage area communicates with the harborage through a drainage valve.