US4408454A – Fluid Coupled Wave Generator Array With Subsea Structure – Google Patents

Tratamientos - Donostia Dolor Así, Julius es pionero en el análisis molecular de los nociceptores y ha identificado el TRPV1 como receptor neuronal de estímulos nocivos; Watkins ha descubierto la participación de las células gliales en los mecanismos del dolor patológico y Baruch Minke ha caracterizado las bases de la percepción y de la señalización sensorial. Los galardonados, que ya optaron al premio en la edición de 2009, han descubierto las causas y mecanismos por los que se produce y percibe el dolor así como otras sensaciones como el frío, el calor o el gusto. El acta del jurado, a la que ha dado lectura su presidente, el jefe del servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital 12 de Octubre, Enrique Moreno, destaca que los trabajos de los premiados permiten “una comprensión más profunda de las bases celulares y moleculares de las diferentes sensaciones, en especial la del dolor. De esta forma, se abren vías esperanzadoras para paliar un mal que afecta a la calidad de vida de millones de personas “y que ha sido, desde siempre, uno de los grandes retos a los que se ha enfrentado la medicina”, añade el acta del jurado.

Tipos De Dolor Pdf

Treinta y cinco candidaturas de diecisiete países optaban al galardón que ha recaído en los últimos años, entre otros, en los pioneros en el desarrollo de Internet Lawrence Roberts, Robert Kahn, Vinton Cerf y Tim Berners-Lee; la etóloga Jane Goodall; el neurólogo Antonio Damasio y los ingenieros Raymond Samuel Tomlinson y Martin Cooper, que lo obtuvieron en 2009 por su aportación al desarrollo del correo electrónico y la telefonía móvil.

El premio, dotado con 50.000 euros y la reproducción de una estatuilla diseñada por Joan Miró, es el cuarto que se falla en esta trigésima edición de los Príncipe de Asturias tras los de Artes (Richard Serra), Ciencias Sociales (Equipo arqueológico de los Guerreros y Caballos de Terracota de Xian) y Comunicación y Humanidades (Alain Touraine y Zygmunt Bauman). Sus investigaciones, destaca también el tribunal, han permitido identificar dianas moleculares a las que dirigir una nueva generación de medicamentos específicos para el tratamiento selectivo de diferentes tipos de dolor, especialmente el crónico. La candidatura había sido propuesta por el neurobiólogo mexicano Ricardo Miledi, que obtuvo el galardón en 1999, y recibió el apoyo de seis investigadores de los ámbitos de la Fisología, la Medicina y la Química distinguidos con el Premio Nobel. The other end of the chain carries a counterweight, which is also placed above the water surface.

The sliding clutch is at one of its coupling sides rigidly mounted around the drive shaft 11 and is at its other coupling side rigidly attached to the anchor drum 9. The transfer of torque in the sliding clutch 55 is controlled to also give the function of an anti-reverse mechanism.

Dolor Sordo Costado Derecho

Float 12 is attached at its rear end 32 to a second nonlinear power extraction means 34. These nonlinear power extraction means are discussed in more detail in connection with FIG. Hydraulic cylinder 338 is connected at its lower turnbuckle connector end 340 to turnbuckle 342. Turnbuckle 342 is connected by welding, bolting, or any other convenient means to the upper surface 314 of subsea structure 30. The upper end of actuator arm 344 of double-acting hydraulic cylinder 338 is connected to bearing joint 330. Although only two nonlinear fluid power extracting means are shown in FIG. Array support structures projecting above the surface of the water also suffer from vulnerability to adverse weather, i.e. FIG. 1 shows a Hagen array 10 comprising floats 12, 14, 16, 18 and 20. These floats float approximately half submerged under the surface 22 of the ocean. After the wave energy passes the first element of the Hagen array and strikes element 14, any wave energy reflected from 14 back to 12 will be trapped in the array.

Dolor Muscular Cadera

10. Mechanical couplings may be provided, so that if the electric generator is supplied with electric energy from an external source and acts as an electric motor, the anchor drum can be controlled to perform a controlled winding of the line. 2 would show anyone with skill in the art of designing offshore structures general elements from which he could design such a structure. This fact has been known for decades by crews on offshore structures. Pomada dolor muscular . Subsea platform 30 is shown connected to the ocean floor by a plurality of jack-up legs 38, 40, 42, 44 and 46. Jack-up rigs of this type are well known to those skilled in the art of offshore construction. Since each float in the Hagen array is attached by a plurality of nonlinear power extraction means to subsea structure 30, the entire power extraction and anchoring means for the array elements is both failsafe and inherently reliable.

If a power extraction means fails completely, the array element is still anchored by other power extractors sufficiently to be safe. Current anti-corrosion coatings and cathodic protection systems are sufficiently advanced to insure a sufficiently long life to make an underwater support system commercially feasible. A planetary gear is composed of a planet carrier 161, at which a number of planet gears 163 are journalled along a circle inside a gear ring 165 and around a sun gear 167 with which the planet gears are in gear wheel engagement, see FIG. Pat. No. 4,077,213. It quickly developed that one of the most important cost drivers affecting system design was the mooring system adopted for use with the invention. Como curar el dolor lumbar . Pat. No. 4,077,213 was to provide a wave generating system wherein the float array absorbed virtually all of the energy impinging on it over a broad bandwidth of ocean waves. For a full-scale Hagen array wave generating system it would seem likely that concrete would be a most suitable construction material.

11 a, half the motive force of the buoy 3 is accumulated in the rise of the wave by the anchor line 7 running over the anchor drum 9′, so that a generator 21 for generating electric current can be driven also when the wave thereafter sinks. Applicant Hagen’s co-pending application filed simultaneously with this application, discusses a wave generating array capable of absorbing more energy than impinges upon the array directly.

An output side of the gearbox or generally a second rotational part of the gearbox is then arranged to be driven from the outside to rotate with a varying rotational speed and/or torque in one rotation direction. More specifically the present invention relates to an improved method of anchoring and controlling a broadband multi-float wave energy absorber. An electric generator connected to the driveshaft and comprising two parts that are rotatable in relation to each other, a first part and a second part, often called rotor and stator, respectively. In a first case the energy accumulation device can be mechanically coupled to the second part of the electric generator. DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION The present invention is a fluid coupled Hagen array using a subsurface support structure whereby the array may be serviced easily and become environmentally beneficial.

As the float moves, the nonlinear power extraction means cause hydraulic cylinders 318 and 338, which are double-action acting hydraulic cylinders, to pump fluid as was described in U.S. Since the torque from the rotor 204 of the wind power plant varies depending on the wind force whereas the torque from the driving by the waves is constant, it may be necessary to mount a variable transmission gearbox before the planetary gear in the same way as shown in FIG. For the mounting of the transmission unit 2 inside the buoy 3, as shown in FIGS.

Remedios naturales para aliviar el dolor de garganta.. The generator 21 can be mounted in a separate generator housing 181, the stator 21″ of the generator rigidly attached to the buoy, as shown in the figure, or in or to the left counterweight drum 15 v. 7 c as the buoy 3 being rigidly attached to a ballast 5″. In this embodiment the line 17 of the counterweight 19 is wound around the counterweight drum 15 when the wave is sinking, this significantly reducing the movement span and the variation in g-force thereof.

  1. Contienen fibra
  2. Estafas propias de cada país
  3. Intolerancia ortostática
  4. Favorecería la salud bucal
  5. Salsas picantes
  6. Ideal para aliviar dolores comunes
  7. ¼ cucharadita de la planta seca de melisa, 1,2 gramos
  8. Discussion of the Related Art

3 e and 3 f. The design criteria by which array configurations would be selected for optimum performance has not yet been fully investigated and is at present unknown to applicant. All conventional large float array mooring systems, such as the one disclosed in U.S. Over the past decade great progress has been made by the petroleum industry in the fabrication, construction, implacement and operation of large subsea structures. Significado dolor lumbar . The individual floats in the Hagen array are sized and positioned on the support structure to permit fluid coupling to occur of the wave energy reflected between them. The anti-reverse mechanism 51 of the anchor drum can be designed as a one-way bearing mounted around the driveshaft. The gear 23 connecting the driveshaft 11 to the generator 21 can give a stepped up rotational speed of the driveshaft so that the generator obtains a higher rotational speed, this allowing the use of a high speed generator.